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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

Consider the following reactions. For parts b-d, see Exercise 62.

a. When C5H12 is reacted with Cl2(g) in the presence of ultraviolet light, four different monochlorination products form. What is the structure of C5Hl2 in this reaction?

b. When C4H8 is reacted with H2O, a tertiary alcohol is produced as the major product. What is the structure of C4H8 in this reaction?

c. When C7H12 is reacted with HCl, 1-chloro-1-methylcyclohexane is produced as the major product. What are the two possible structures for C7H12 in this reaction?

d. When a hydrocarbon is reacted with H2O and the major product of this reaction is then oxidized, acetone (2-propanone) is produced. What is the structure of the hydrocarbon in this reaction?

e. When C5H12Ois oxidized, a carboxylic acid is produced. What are the possible structures for C5H12O in this reaction?

 (a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structures of the final products formed in the following reactions are to be stated.

Concept introduction: Organic compounds are synthesized through organic reactions. The different types of reactions in organic chemistry are elimination reaction, substitution reaction, addition reactions and many more. Addition reactions are takes place when two or more reactants combine to form a single product. Elimination reactions occur when a reactant broke down into two or more products and the substitution reactions takes place by an exchange in the reactants.

To determine: The structure of C5H12 .

Explanation

Explanation

The structure of C5H12 is shown in Figure 1.

The structure of C5H12 is,

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structures of the final products formed in the following reactions are to be stated.

Concept introduction: Organic compounds are synthesized through organic reactions. The different types of reactions in organic chemistry are elimination reaction, substitution reaction, addition reactions and many more. Addition reactions are takes place when two or more reactants combine to form a single product. Elimination reactions occur when a reactant broke down into two or more products and the substitution reactions takes place by an exchange in the reactants.

To determine: The structure of C4H8 .

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structures of the final products formed in the following reactions are to be stated.

Concept introduction: Organic compounds are synthesized through organic reactions. The different types of reactions in organic chemistry are elimination reaction, substitution reaction, addition reactions and many more. Addition reactions are takes place when two or more reactants combine to form a single product. Elimination reactions occur when a reactant broke down into two or more products and the substitution reactions takes place by an exchange in the reactants.

To determine: The two possible structures of C7H12 .

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structures of the final products formed in the following reactions are to be stated.

Concept introduction: Organic compounds are synthesized through organic reactions. The different types of reactions in organic chemistry are elimination reaction, substitution reaction, addition reactions and many more. Addition reactions are takes place when two or more reactants combine to form a single product. Elimination reactions occur when a reactant broke down into two or more products and the substitution reactions takes place by an exchange in the reactants.

To determine: The structure of hydrocarbon reacted with H2O .

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structures of the final products formed in the following reactions are to be stated.

Concept introduction: Organic compounds are synthesized through organic reactions. The different types of reactions in organic chemistry are elimination reaction, substitution reaction, addition reactions and many more. Addition reactions are takes place when two or more reactants combine to form a single product. Elimination reactions occur when a reactant broke down into two or more products and the substitution reactions takes place by an exchange in the reactants.

To determine: The possible structures for C5H12O .

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Chapter 22 Solutions

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Ch-22 P-11RQCh-22 P-12RQCh-22 P-1QCh-22 P-2QCh-22 P-3QCh-22 P-4QCh-22 P-5QCh-22 P-6QCh-22 P-7QCh-22 P-8QCh-22 P-9QCh-22 P-10QCh-22 P-11QCh-22 P-12QCh-22 P-13ECh-22 P-14ECh-22 P-15ECh-22 P-16ECh-22 P-17ECh-22 P-18ECh-22 P-19ECh-22 P-20ECh-22 P-21ECh-22 P-22ECh-22 P-23ECh-22 P-24ECh-22 P-25ECh-22 P-26ECh-22 P-27ECh-22 P-28ECh-22 P-29ECh-22 P-30ECh-22 P-31ECh-22 P-32ECh-22 P-33ECh-22 P-34ECh-22 P-35ECh-22 P-36ECh-22 P-37ECh-22 P-38ECh-22 P-39ECh-22 P-40ECh-22 P-41ECh-22 P-42ECh-22 P-43ECh-22 P-44ECh-22 P-45ECh-22 P-46ECh-22 P-47ECh-22 P-48ECh-22 P-49ECh-22 P-50ECh-22 P-51ECh-22 P-52ECh-22 P-53ECh-22 P-54ECh-22 P-55ECh-22 P-56ECh-22 P-57ECh-22 P-58ECh-22 P-59ECh-22 P-60ECh-22 P-61ECh-22 P-62ECh-22 P-63ECh-22 P-64ECh-22 P-65ECh-22 P-66ECh-22 P-67ECh-22 P-68ECh-22 P-69ECh-22 P-70ECh-22 P-71ECh-22 P-72ECh-22 P-73ECh-22 P-74ECh-22 P-75ECh-22 P-76ECh-22 P-77ECh-22 P-78ECh-22 P-79ECh-22 P-80ECh-22 P-81ECh-22 P-82ECh-22 P-83ECh-22 P-84ECh-22 P-85ECh-22 P-86ECh-22 P-87ECh-22 P-88ECh-22 P-89ECh-22 P-90ECh-22 P-91ECh-22 P-92ECh-22 P-93ECh-22 P-94ECh-22 P-95ECh-22 P-96ECh-22 P-97ECh-22 P-98ECh-22 P-99ECh-22 P-100ECh-22 P-101ECh-22 P-102ECh-22 P-103ECh-22 P-104ECh-22 P-105ECh-22 P-106ECh-22 P-107ECh-22 P-108ECh-22 P-109ECh-22 P-110ECh-22 P-111AECh-22 P-112AECh-22 P-113AECh-22 P-114AECh-22 P-115AECh-22 P-116AECh-22 P-117AECh-22 P-118AECh-22 P-119AECh-22 P-120AECh-22 P-121AECh-22 P-122AECh-22 P-123AECh-22 P-124AECh-22 P-125AECh-22 P-126AECh-22 P-127AECh-22 P-128AECh-22 P-129AECh-22 P-130AECh-22 P-131AECh-22 P-132AECh-22 P-133AECh-22 P-134AECh-22 P-135AECh-22 P-136AECh-22 P-137CWPCh-22 P-138CWPCh-22 P-139CWPCh-22 P-140CWPCh-22 P-141CWPCh-22 P-142CWPCh-22 P-143CWPCh-22 P-144CWPCh-22 P-145CPCh-22 P-146CPCh-22 P-147CPCh-22 P-148CPCh-22 P-149CPCh-22 P-150CPCh-22 P-151CPCh-22 P-152CPCh-22 P-153CPCh-22 P-154CPCh-22 P-155CPCh-22 P-156CPCh-22 P-157CPCh-22 P-158CPCh-22 P-159IPCh-22 P-160IPCh-22 P-161MPCh-22 P-162MP

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