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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

There is only one compound that is named 1,2-dichloroethane, but there are two distinct compounds that can be named 1,2-dichloroethene. Why?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The reason for the fact that only one compound is named 1,2-dichloroethane, whereas two distinct compounds are named 1,2-dichloroethene is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Organic compounds which have a similar chemical formula but different structures, i.e., the atoms that are in a different spatial arrangement, they are known as structural isomers. Cis and Trans isomers are also structural or geometrical isomers.

To determine: The reason for only one compound named 1,2-dichloroethene and two distinct compounds that are named 1,2-dichloroethene.

Explanation

The given compound1, 2-dichloroethene is,

Figure 1

The given compound is saturated, i.e., single bond between the carbons. There is free rotation about this single C-C bond. The molecule is same after rotation and there is no isomerism possible. Cis-Trans isomerism do not apply to molecules that have only single carbon-carbon bond because they can rotate freely. Therefore, there is only one compound named 1, 2-dichloroethene.

Due to cis and Trans isomers of 1, 2-dichloroethene, it has two distinct compounds.

The given compound 1, 2-dichloroethene have cis isomer shown in figure 2 and trans isomer shown in figure 3...

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