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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

In which of the following complexes are geometric isomers possible? If isomers are possible, draw their structures and label them as cis or trans, or as fac or mer.

(a) [Co(H2O)4Cl2]+

(b) Co(NH3)3F3

(c) [Pt(NH3)Br3]

(d) [Co(en)2(NH3)Cl]2+

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The isomers possible in the given ions or compounds has to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Geometry of coordination compounds: The study of geometry of the coordination compound helps in understanding the physical and chemical property of the compound.

Stereoisomer: The same molecular formula but different with the arrangements of atoms around the metal ion. The Ligands are arranged differently in coordination compounds.

Geometric isomers: stereoisomers that cannot be interconverted without breaking the chemical bonds.

Optical isomers: Optical isomers are non-superimposable mirror images.

Plane-polarized light: Light that oscillates in a single plane.

Explanation

  

A pair of geometric isomer can be drawn; where the four H

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The isomers possible in the given ions or compounds has to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Geometry of coordination compounds: The study of geometry of the coordination compound helps in understanding the physical and chemical property of the compound.

Stereoisomer: The same molecular formula but different with the arrangements of atoms around the metal ion. The Ligands are arranged differently in coordination compounds.

Geometric isomers: stereoisomers that cannot be interconverted without breaking the chemical bonds.

Optical isomers: Optical isomers are non-superimposable mirror images.

Plane-polarized light: Light that oscillates in a single plane.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The isomers possible in the given ions or compounds has to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Geometry of coordination compounds: The study of geometry of the coordination compound helps in understanding the physical and chemical property of the compound.

Stereoisomer: The same molecular formula but different with the arrangements of atoms around the metal ion. The Ligands are arranged differently in coordination compounds.

Geometric isomers: stereoisomers that cannot be interconverted without breaking the chemical bonds.

Optical isomers: Optical isomers are non-superimposable mirror images.

Plane-polarized light: Light that oscillates in a single plane.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The isomers possible in the given ions or compounds has to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Geometry of coordination compounds: The study of geometry of the coordination compound helps in understanding the physical and chemical property of the compound.

Stereoisomer: The same molecular formula but different with the arrangements of atoms around the metal ion. The Ligands are arranged differently in coordination compounds.

Geometric isomers: stereoisomers that cannot be interconverted without breaking the chemical bonds.

Optical isomers: Optical isomers are non-superimposable mirror images.

Plane-polarized light: Light that oscillates in a single plane.

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