   Chapter 23, Problem 23.6BPE

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Income statement with variances Prepare an income statement through gross profit for Dvorak Company for the month ended July 31 using the variance data in Practice Exercises 25-1B through 23-4B. Assume that Dvorak sold 1,000 units at $90 per unit. To determine Income statement with variances: The financial statement which reports revenues and expenses from business operations and the result of those operations as net income or net loss for a particular time period is referred to as income statement. In the income statement with variances, the balance of each variances account indicates the favorable and unfavorable variance at the end of the period. Gross Profit: Gross Profit is the difference between the net sales, and the cost of goods sold. Gross profit usually appears on the income statement of the company. To prepare: An income statement through gross profit for the month ended July 31. Explanation The income statement through gross profit for the month ended July 31 for Company D is as follows:  Company D Income statement through gross profit For the month ended July 31 Sales (1,000 units×$90) 90,000 Less: Cost of goods sold- at standards (1) 69,500 Gross profit- at standards 20,500 Unfavorable $(a) Favorable$ (b) Less: Variances adjustments to gross profit at standards Direct materials price (5) 2,250 Direct materials quantity (6) (1,250) Direct labor rate (8) (1,400) Direct labor time (9) (3,400) Factory overhead controllable (11) (200) Factory overhead volume (12) 300 Net variances from standard cost – unfavorable (a) – (b) 3,700 Gross-profit 24,200

Table (1)

Working notes:

To determine the cost of goods sold-at standards:

Cost of goods sold at standard}=[Direct materials (2) + Directlabor (3)+ Factory overheads (4)]=$12,500 + 51,000 + 6,000=$69,500

(1)

Determine the direct materials:

Direct materials hours = [No of units required ×Stanadard poundsper unit×Stanadard price per unit]= 1,000 units × 5 lb.×$2.5=$12,500

(2)

Determine the direct labor:

Direct labor hours = [No of units required ×Stanadard hoursper unit×Stanadard hours rate per hour]= 1,000 units × 3hours ×$17.00=$51,000

(3)

Determine the direct labor:

Direct factory overhead=(Number of unitsproduced×Standard hours per unit× )×(Standard variable overheadcost per unit+Standard fixedoverhead cost per unit)=1,000 units × 3 hours×($1.40+$0.60)=3,000 hours×(2.00)=$6,000 (4) The direct materials price variance is determined as follows: Direct materials price variance = [(Actual priceStandard price)× Actual quantity]=[($3.00$2.50)×4,500 lb.]=$0.5× 4,500=$2,250 (5) The direct materials quantity variance is determined as follows: Direct materials quantity variance = [(Actual quantityStandard quantity (7))× Standard price]=[(4,500 lb.5,000 lb.)×$2

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