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Chemistry

10th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305957404

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

10th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305957404
Textbook Problem

Which of the following pairs of compounds have the same empirical formula?

a. acetylene, C2H2, and benzene, C6H6

b. ethane, C2H6, and butane, C4H10

c. nitrogen dioxide, NO2, and dinitrogen tetroxide, N2O4

d. diphenyl ether, C12H10O, and phenol, C6H5OH

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The pair of compounds having the same empirical formula are to be identified.

Concept introduction: The chemical formula that depicts the simplest ratio of the elements present in a chemical compound is known as an empirical formula of the compound. It does not give information regarding the original number of atoms present in the given compound.

To determine: If the compounds C2H2 and C6H6 have the same empirical formula.

Explanation

The chemical formula of acetylene is C2H2 .

The empirical formula of acetylene is CH

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The pair of compounds having the same empirical formula are to be identified.

Concept introduction: The chemical formula that depicts the simplest ratio of the elements present in a chemical compound is known as an empirical formula of the compound.  It does not give information regarding the original number of atoms present in the given compound.

To determine: If the compounds C2H6 and C4H10 have the same empirical formula.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The pair of compounds having the same empirical formula are to be identified.

Concept introduction: The chemical formula that depicts the simplest ratio of the elements present in a chemical compound is known as an empirical formula of the compound. It does not give information regarding the original number of atoms present in the given compound.

To determine: If the compounds NO2 and N2O4 have the same empirical formula.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The pair of compounds having the same empirical formula are to be identified.

Concept introduction: The chemical formula that depicts the simplest ratio of the elements present in a chemical compound is known as an empirical formula of the compound. It does not give information regarding the original number of atoms present in the given compound.

To determine: If the compounds C12H10O and C6H5OH have the same empirical formula.

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