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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

With how many water molecules can a given alcohol molecule hydrogen-bond?

  1. a. 2
  2. b. 3
  3. c. 4
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of water molecules can given alcohol molecule hydrogen‑bond has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Alcohol is an organic compound that has hydroxyl as its functional group.  Alcohols contain both nonpolar and polar groups in it.  Hydroxyl group is the polar group and the alkyl group is the nonpolar group.  Physical properties of alcohol depend on which of the two groups dominate.

Due to the polar group present in alcohol, it can form hydrogen bonding with water molecules.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Alcohols have a hydroxyl group as its functional group.  Water molecule contains a single oxygen atom with two lone pair of electrons on it.  Alcohol contains one oxygen atom with two lone pair of electrons.  These two lone pairs present on oxygen atom in hydroxyl group can involve in hydrogen bonding with water molecule.  There lies a polarity difference between the oxygen and hydrogen in the hydroxyl group.  Therefore, the lone pair of electrons present on oxygen atom in water molecule involves in hydrogen bonding with alcohol.  Therefore, a total of three water molecules can form hydrogen bond with an alcohol molecule...

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