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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

How many isomeric ethers exist when the R groups present in the ether are

  1. a. C1 and C3 alkyl groups
  2. b. C2 and C4 alkyl groups
  3. c. C3 and C3 alkyl groups
  4. d. C3 and C4 cycloalkyl groups

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of isomeric ethers that exist when the R groups present in the ether are C1 and C3 alkyl groups has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  These isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

Explanation

Ethers have general formula of ROR.  This means the two “R” groups can be identical or different also.  The main functionality in ether is that the oxygen atom has to be bonded to two hydrocarbon groups.  Constitutional isomerism is possible in ether and it depends on partitioning of carbon atoms between two alkyl groups and the isomeric possibilities for the individual alkyl groups

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of isomeric ethers that exist when the R groups present in the ether are C2 and C4 alkyl groups has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  These isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of isomeric ethers that exist when the R groups present in the ether are C3 and C3 alkyl groups has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  These isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of isomeric ethers that exist when the R groups present in the ether are C3 and C4 cycloalkyl groups has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  These isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

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