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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw a structural formula for each of the following ketones.

  1. a. tert-Butyl methyl ketone
  2. b. Dichloromethyl ethyl ketone
  3. c. Benzophenone
  4. d. Diphenyl ketone

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula for the given ketone has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Structure of the ketone can be drawn from the common name.  In a common name for ketone, there are usually two or three words.  The two hydrocarbon groups that are attached to the carbonyl carbon atom is mentioned explicitly.  Therefore, by finding the name of the hydrocarbon groups, the structure of ketone can be drawn.

The structural representation of organic compound can be done in 2D and 3D.  In two-dimensional representation, there are four types of representation in which an organic compound can be drawn.  They are,

  • • Expanded structural formula
  • • Condensed structural formula
  • • Skeletal structural formula
  • • Line-angle structural formula

Structural formula which shows all the atoms in a molecule along with all the bonds that is connecting the atoms present in the molecule is known as Expanded structural formula.

Structural formula in which grouping of atoms are done and in which the central atoms along with the other atoms are connected to them are treated as group is known as Condensed structural formula.

Structural formula that shows the bonding between carbon atoms alone in the molecule ignoring the hydrogen atoms being shown explicitly is known as Skeletal structural formula.

Structural formula where a line represent carbon‑carbon bond and the carbon atom is considered to be present in each point and the end of lines is known as Line-angle structural formula.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.42EP , additional homework tip  1

Explanation

The given name of the compound is tert-butyl methyl ketone.  From the name it is understood that the hydrocarbon groups that are bonded to the carbonyl carbon atom is a tert-butyl and a methyl group...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula for the given ketone has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Structure of the ketone can be drawn from the common name.  In a common name for ketone, there are usually two or three words.  The two hydrocarbon groups that are attached to the carbonyl carbon atom is mentioned explicitly.  Therefore, by finding the name of the hydrocarbon groups, the structure of ketone can be drawn.

The structural representation of organic compound can be done in 2D and 3D.  In two-dimensional representation, there are four types of representation in which an organic compound can be drawn.  They are,

  • • Expanded structural formula
  • • Condensed structural formula
  • • Skeletal structural formula
  • • Line-angle structural formula

Structural formula which shows all the atoms in a molecule along with all the bonds that is connecting the atoms present in the molecule is known as Expanded structural formula.

Structural formula in which grouping of atoms are done and in which the central atoms along with the other atoms are connected to them are treated as group is known as Condensed structural formula.

Structural formula that shows the bonding between carbon atoms alone in the molecule ignoring the hydrogen atoms being shown explicitly is known as Skeletal structural formula.

Structural formula where a line represent carbon‑carbon bond and the carbon atom is considered to be present in each point and the end of lines is known as Line-angle structural formula.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.42EP , additional homework tip  2

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula for the given ketone has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Structure of the ketone can be drawn from the common name.  In a common name for ketone, there are usually two or three words.  The two hydrocarbon groups that are attached to the carbonyl carbon atom is mentioned explicitly.  Therefore, by finding the name of the hydrocarbon groups, the structure of ketone can be drawn.

The structural representation of organic compound can be done in 2D and 3D.  In two-dimensional representation, there are four types of representation in which an organic compound can be drawn.  They are,

  • • Expanded structural formula
  • • Condensed structural formula
  • • Skeletal structural formula
  • • Line-angle structural formula

Structural formula which shows all the atoms in a molecule along with all the bonds that is connecting the atoms present in the molecule is known as Expanded structural formula.

Structural formula in which grouping of atoms are done and in which the central atoms along with the other atoms are connected to them are treated as group is known as Condensed structural formula.

Structural formula that shows the bonding between carbon atoms alone in the molecule ignoring the hydrogen atoms being shown explicitly is known as Skeletal structural formula.

Structural formula where a line represent carbon‑carbon bond and the carbon atom is considered to be present in each point and the end of lines is known as Line-angle structural formula.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.42EP , additional homework tip  3

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula for the given ketone has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Structure of the ketone can be drawn from the common name.  In a common name for ketone, there are usually two or three words.  The two hydrocarbon groups that are attached to the carbonyl carbon atom is mentioned explicitly.  Therefore, by finding the name of the hydrocarbon groups, the structure of ketone can be drawn.

The structural representation of organic compound can be done in 2D and 3D.  In two-dimensional representation, there are four types of representation in which an organic compound can be drawn.  They are,

  • • Expanded structural formula
  • • Condensed structural formula
  • • Skeletal structural formula
  • • Line-angle structural formula

Structural formula which shows all the atoms in a molecule along with all the bonds that is connecting the atoms present in the molecule is known as Expanded structural formula.

Structural formula in which grouping of atoms are done and in which the central atoms along with the other atoms are connected to them are treated as group is known as Condensed structural formula.

Structural formula that shows the bonding between carbon atoms alone in the molecule ignoring the hydrogen atoms being shown explicitly is known as Skeletal structural formula.

Structural formula where a line represent carbon‑carbon bond and the carbon atom is considered to be present in each point and the end of lines is known as Line-angle structural formula.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.42EP , additional homework tip  4

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