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A component of acid rain, sulfuric acid, forms by the combination of water with sulfur oxide pollutants that are released into the atmosphere as a byproduct of fossil-fuel combustion: SO 3 + H 2 O → H 2 SO 4 If you have an unlimited amount of H 2 O , determine the number of kilograms of H 2 SO 4 that can be formed from 1 .0 × 10 3 kg of SO 3 .

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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 4, Problem 56E
Textbook Problem
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A component of acid rain, sulfuric acid, forms by the combination of water with sulfur oxide pollutants that are released into the atmosphere as a byproduct of fossil-fuel combustion:

SO 3 + H 2  H 2 SO 4

If you have an unlimited amount of H 2 O , determine the number of kilograms of H 2 SO 4 that can be formed from 1 .0  ×  10 3  kg of  SO 3 .

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The mass of H2SO4 formed in the given reaction (in kilograms) is to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

The characteristic mass of a compound is considered as the formula mass of the compound, which is obtained by adding the atomic masses of all the atoms.

A conversion factor is considered a numerical ratio in order to change one unit into another.

A chemical formula represents the precise number of atoms in a molecule, but not their structural arrangement.

Explanation of Solution

Given information: 1.0×103kg of SO3

The equivalence is obtained between grams of SO3 and moles of SO3 with the help of the chemical formula as follows:

1mol SO380.06g SO3

The equivalence takes place between moles of SO3 and moles of H2SO4 as follows:

1mol H2SO41mol SO3

And,

The equivalence is obtained between grams of H2SO4 and moles of H2SO4 with the help of the chemical formula as follows:

1mol H2SO498.08g H2SO4

In order to obtain the mass of H2SO4, the conversion factor proceeds as follows: (1.0×103kg SO3)×(1000g1kg)×(1mol SO3 80

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Chemistry In Focus
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