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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

What is the name of the carboxylate ion that forms when each of the acids in Problem 16-47 ionizes in water? (Use an IUPAC carboxylate name if the acid name is IUPAC; use a common name if the acid name is common.)

  1. a. Pentanoic acid
  2. b. Citric acid
  3. c. Succinic acid
  4. d. Oxalic acid

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The name of the carboxylate ion that is formed from pentanoic acid has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ions are named from the parent acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

Explanation

Carboxylic acids undergo ionization in water to form hydronium ion and carboxylate ion.  Hydronium ion is a positively charge and carboxylate ion is negatively charged.  Carboxylate ion is formed by loss of one or more acidic protons from carboxylic acid.

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The name of the carboxylate ion that is formed from citric acid has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ions are named from the parent acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The name of the carboxylate ion that is formed from succinic acid has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ions are named from the parent acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The name of the carboxylate ion that is formed from oxalic acid has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ions are named from the parent acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

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