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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

When the molecular formulas for cyclic and noncyclic alkanes with the same number of carbon atoms are compared, it is always found that the cycloalkane has

  1. a. two more H atoms
  2. b. the same number of H atom
  3. c. two fewer H atoms
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of hydrogen atoms between a cyclic and noncyclic alkane has to be compared.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain atleast one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.

Cycloalkanes are a class of saturated hydrocarbons that contain a ring of carbon atoms with or without alkyl substituents on it.  The general molecular formula for cycloalkanes is CnH2n.  “n” is the number of carbon atoms present.  Some of the basic examples of cycloalkanes are cyclopropane (C3H6), cyclobutane (C4H8).

Alkanes are a class of saturated hydrocarbons that do not contain a ring of carbon atoms but a chain of carbon atoms with carbon‑carbon single bonds.  The general molecular formula for alkanes is CnH2n+2.  “n” is the number of carbon atoms present.  Some of the basic examples of alkanes are methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6).

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Cycloalkanes are saturated hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds between carbon atoms with a ring structure.  The general molecular formula for cycloalkane is CnH2n.

Alkanes are a class of saturated hydrocarbons that do not contain a ring of carbon atoms but a chain of carbon atoms with carbon‑carbon single bonds.  The general molecular formula for alkanes is CnH2n+2.

By looking into the general formula of alkane and cycloalkane, it is found that cycloalkane has two hydrogen atoms less than the alkane

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