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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Indicate whether each of the following situations meets or does not meet the “bonding requirement” for carbon atoms.

  1. a. Two single bonds and a double bond
  2. b. A single bond and two double bonds
  3. c. Three single bonds and a triple bond
  4. d. A double bond and a triple bond

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given situation meets or does not meet the “bonding requirement” for carbon atom has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Carbon atom is the main constituent in organic compounds.  Carbon atom has the ability to form bonds with each other carbon atoms in a chain form, cyclic form or both.  This is possible because of the electronic configuration of carbon atom.  This is present in Group IVA of periodic table.  Carbon has a total of four valence electrons.  For the formation of any compounds, an additional four electrons are needed to give the carbon atom a octet configuration.  Carbon can form covalent bonds like single, double and triple bond.  Other bonds are not possible because, the octet configuration will be attained.

Explanation

Given situation is that carbon atoms can have two single bonds and a double bond.  The total number of valence electrons in carbon atom is four.  Hence, it can form four covalent bonds by sharing the four valence electrons...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given situation meets or does not meet the “bonding requirement” for carbon atom has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Carbon atom is the main constituent in organic compounds.  Carbon atom has the ability to form bonds with each other carbon atoms in a chain form, cyclic form or both.  This is possible because of the electronic configuration of carbon atom.  This is present in Group IVA of periodic table.  Carbon has a total of four valence electrons.  For the formation of any compounds, an additional four electrons are needed to give the carbon atom a octet configuration.  Carbon can form covalent bonds like single, double and triple bond.  Other bonds are not possible because, the octet configuration will be attained.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given situation meets or does not meet the “bonding requirement” for carbon atom has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Carbon atom is the main constituent in organic compounds.  Carbon atom has the ability to form bonds with each other carbon atoms in a chain form, cyclic form or both.  This is possible because of the electronic configuration of carbon atom.  This is present in Group IVA of periodic table.  Carbon has a total of four valence electrons.  For the formation of any compounds, an additional four electrons are needed to give the carbon atom a octet configuration.  Carbon can form covalent bonds like single, double and triple bond.  Other bonds are not possible because, the octet configuration will be attained.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given situation meets or does not meet the “bonding requirement” for carbon atom has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Carbon atom is the main constituent in organic compounds.  Carbon atom has the ability to form bonds with each other carbon atoms in a chain form, cyclic form or both.  This is possible because of the electronic configuration of carbon atom.  This is present in Group IVA of periodic table.  Carbon has a total of four valence electrons.  For the formation of any compounds, an additional four electrons are needed to give the carbon atom a octet configuration.  Carbon can form covalent bonds like single, double and triple bond.  Other bonds are not possible because, the octet configuration will be attained.

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