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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

The rate law for a reaction can be determined only from experiment and not from the balanced equation. Two experimental procedures were outlined in Chapter 12. What are these two procedures? Explain how each method is used to determine rate laws.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Two experimental procedures that can be used for the determination of a rate law are to be stated and explained.

Concept introduction:

A rate law is defined as an equation that provides information regarding the relationship between the reaction rate and the concentrations of the reactants.

To determine:

An explanation regarding the two experimental procedures that can be used for the determination of rate law.

Explanation

A common method for the experimental determination of the differential rate law is the initial rate method or the method of initial rates. In this process, different experiments are carried out at a different initial concentration value.  The instantaneous rate for each experiment is calculated at the same value of temperature.

A comparison of these initial rates and the initial concentrations gives the dependence of the reaction rate on various reactant concentrations...

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