   Chapter 13, Problem 69QAP ### Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section ### Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
6 views

# A tank contains a mixture of 52 . 5 g of oxygen gas and 65 . 1 g of carbon dioxide gas at 27  ° C . The total pressure in the tank is 9.21 am. Calculate the partial pressure (in arm) of each gas in the mixture.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The partial pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide gas should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Dalton’s law of partial pressure: In a container for mixture of gases, the total pressure is equal to the sum of partial pressures of all the gases present in the container. The partial pressure is the pressure exerted by a gas if it is the only gas present in the container.

Let a mixture of three gases with partial pressures P1, P2 and P3, the total pressure of the gas will be sum of these partial pressures as follows:

PT=P1+P2+P3

This is the Dalton’s law of partial pressure.

The behaviour of gases is assumed to be ideal thus, partial pressure of gases can be calculated from an ideal gas equation as follows:

PV=nRT

Here, P is pressure, V is volume, n is number of moles, R is Universal gas constant and T is temperature of the gas.

The pressure exerted by an ideal gas depends on the number of gas particles, this does not depend on the nature of particles of gas. The two important things concluded from it will be:

1. The volume of gases is important.
2. The forces in between the particles of gas is not important.
Explanation

Calculation:

First calculate the number of moles of each gas as follows:

n=mM

Since, molar mass of O2 is 32 g/mol thus, number of moles will be:

nO2=52.5 g32 g/mol=1.64 mol

Similarly, molar mass of CO2 is 44.01 g/mol thus, number of moles will be:

nCO2=65.1 g44.01 g/mol=1.48 mol

Thus, total number of moles will be:

nT=nO2+nCO2

Putting the values,

nT=1.64 mol+1.48 mol=3.12 mol

From total pressure and number of moles, volume can be calculated using the ideal gas equation as follows:

PT=nTRTV

First convert the temperature from C to K as follows:

0 C=273.15 K

Thus,

27 C=(25+273.15) K=300.15 K

Putting the values,

9.21 atm=(3.12 mol)(0.082 L atm K1 mol1)(300.15 K)V

Thus,

V=(3

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