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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

One of the two four-carbon alkane constitutional isomers has the molecular formula C4H10. The molecular formula for the other isomer is

  1. a. C4H9
  2. b. C4H10
  3. c. C4H11
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The correct option among the given options has to be chosen.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  The isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Constitutional isomers are the compounds which have same molecular formula but they differ only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule.  Given compound has the molecular formula of C4H10.  As for the constitutional isomer, there won’t be a different molecular formula.  Hence, option (b) is the correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) has the molecular formula of C4H9.  In the problem statement, it is given that the molecular formula of the constitutional isomer is C4H10

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