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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Explain why compounds with the following formulas would not be expected to exist:

Na2Cl, CaCH3CO2, Mg2O.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: It should be predicted that why the formula Na2Cl do not exist.

Concept introduction: The main group elements form chemical compounds in which the central atom has highest oxidation number. The highest oxidation number is always equal to the group number that the element has in the periodic table. Thus,  the oxidation number is determined by the position of the element in the periodic table.

These elements also form compounds in the other lower oxidation numbers apart from the highest oxidation number. These other oxidation numbers are as per the electronic configuration of the element and is determined by the number of electrons in the outer shell of each element.

The correct formula has the valid oxidation number of the central element and the formula which do not satisfy this criteria is incorrect

Explanation

Sodium belongs to group 1A of the periodic table. Hence, the highest oxidation number is +1 . Chloride ion has oxidation number of 1. So, the charge on potassium is +1 and the charge on chloride is 1

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: It should be predicted that why the formula CaCH3CO2 do not exist.

Concept introduction: The main group elements form chemical compounds in which the central atom has highest oxidation number. The highest oxidation number is always equal to the group number that the element has in the periodic table. Thus,  the oxidation number is determined by the position of the element in the periodic table.

These elements also form compounds in the other lower oxidation numbers apart from the highest oxidation number. These other oxidation numbers are as per the electronic configuration of the element and are determined by the number of electrons in the outer shell of each element.

The correct formula has the valid oxidation number of the central element and the formula which do not satisfy this criteria is incorrect

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: It should be predicted that why the formula Mg2O do not exist.

Concept introduction: The main group elements form chemical compounds in which the central atom has highest oxidation number. The highest oxidation number is always equal to the group number that the element has in the periodic table. Thus,  the oxidation number is determined by the position of the element in the periodic table.

These elements also form compounds in the other lower oxidation numbers apart from the highest oxidation number. These other oxidation numbers are as per the electronic configuration of the element and are determined by the number of electrons in the outer shell of each element.

The correct formula has the valid oxidation number of the central element and the formula which do not satisfy this criteria is incorrect

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Chapter 21 Solutions

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Sect-21.11 P-2.4ACPSect-21.11 P-2.5ACPCh-21 P-1PSCh-21 P-2PSCh-21 P-3PSCh-21 P-4PSCh-21 P-5PSCh-21 P-6PSCh-21 P-7PSCh-21 P-8PSCh-21 P-9PSCh-21 P-10PSCh-21 P-11PSCh-21 P-12PSCh-21 P-13PSCh-21 P-14PSCh-21 P-15PSCh-21 P-16PSCh-21 P-17PSCh-21 P-18PSCh-21 P-19PSCh-21 P-20PSCh-21 P-21PSCh-21 P-22PSCh-21 P-23PSCh-21 P-24PSCh-21 P-25PSCh-21 P-26PSCh-21 P-27PSCh-21 P-28PSCh-21 P-29PSCh-21 P-30PSCh-21 P-31PSCh-21 P-32PSCh-21 P-33PSCh-21 P-34PSCh-21 P-35PSCh-21 P-36PSCh-21 P-37PSCh-21 P-38PSCh-21 P-39PSCh-21 P-40PSCh-21 P-41PSCh-21 P-42PSCh-21 P-43PSCh-21 P-44PSCh-21 P-45PSCh-21 P-46PSCh-21 P-47PSCh-21 P-48PSCh-21 P-49PSCh-21 P-50PSCh-21 P-51PSCh-21 P-52PSCh-21 P-53PSCh-21 P-54PSCh-21 P-55PSCh-21 P-56PSCh-21 P-57PSCh-21 P-58PSCh-21 P-59PSCh-21 P-60PSCh-21 P-61PSCh-21 P-62PSCh-21 P-63PSCh-21 P-64PSCh-21 P-65PSCh-21 P-66PSCh-21 P-67PSCh-21 P-68PSCh-21 P-69PSCh-21 P-70PSCh-21 P-71PSCh-21 P-72PSCh-21 P-73PSCh-21 P-74PSCh-21 P-75PSCh-21 P-76PSCh-21 P-77PSCh-21 P-78PSCh-21 P-79PSCh-21 P-80PSCh-21 P-81PSCh-21 P-82PSCh-21 P-83PSCh-21 P-84PSCh-21 P-85PSCh-21 P-86PSCh-21 P-87PSCh-21 P-88PSCh-21 P-89GQCh-21 P-90GQCh-21 P-91GQCh-21 P-92GQCh-21 P-93GQCh-21 P-94GQCh-21 P-95GQCh-21 P-96GQCh-21 P-97GQCh-21 P-98GQCh-21 P-99GQCh-21 P-100GQCh-21 P-101GQCh-21 P-102GQCh-21 P-103GQCh-21 P-105GQCh-21 P-106GQCh-21 P-107GQCh-21 P-108GQCh-21 P-110GQCh-21 P-111GQCh-21 P-112GQCh-21 P-113GQCh-21 P-114GQCh-21 P-115ILCh-21 P-116ILCh-21 P-117ILCh-21 P-118ILCh-21 P-119ILCh-21 P-120ILCh-21 P-121SCQCh-21 P-122SCQCh-21 P-123SCQCh-21 P-124SCQCh-21 P-125SCQCh-21 P-126SCQCh-21 P-127SCQCh-21 P-128SCQCh-21 P-129SCQCh-21 P-130SCQCh-21 P-131SCQ

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