BuyFindarrow_forward

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781285740621

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781285740621
Textbook Problem

Discuss the asymptotic behavior of

f ( x ) = x 4 + 1 x

in the same manner as in Exercise 58. Then use your results to help sketch the graph of f .

To determine

To discuss:

The asymptotic behavior of fx=x4+1x , and use this fact to help sketch the graph of f

Explanation

1) Concept:

i) A domain is the set of x values that satisfy the function.

ii) To find x-intercept, put y=0, and to find y-intercept, put x=0 in the given function.

iii) Symmetry: To find symmetry, replace x by –x and check the behaviour of function. Thus, if f-x=fx, then it is an even function, so it has y-axis symmetry. If f-x=-fx, then it is an odd function, so it has x-axis symmetry. And if f-x-fxfx, then it has no symmetry.

iv) An asymptote is a tangent at infinity. To find horizontal, vertical, and slant asymptote, follow the rules.

v) A function is increasing if f'x>0  and decreasing if f'x<0 in that particular interval.

vi) The number f(c) is a local maximum value of f  if fcf(x) when x is near c and is a local minimum value of f if fc f(x) when x is near c.

vii) If f''x>0, the function is concave up and if f''x<0, the function is concave down in that particular interval. And if f''x=0, give the values of inflection points

2) Definition:

Slant asymptote: the line y=mx+b is called a slant asymptote if

limx±fx-(mx+b)=0

3) Given:

 fx=x4+1x

4) Calculation:

To show limxfx-x3=0

Put fx=x4+1x in the above equation

limxfx-x3

=limxx4+1x-x3

=limx1x

=0

So,y=x3 is a slant asymptote

We find the domain of the given function and the x & y intercepts. Next, check the symmetry, asymptotes, intervals of increase and decrease, local maximum and minimum values, concavity, and points of inflection. Using these, sketch the curve

A. Domain

Domain is the set of all x values that satisfies the function.

The function is not defined at 0

Therefore Domain= (-,0)(0,)

B. Intercepts

For y intercept, plug x=0  in the given function and solve it

y0=04+10=

Therefore, no y-intercept

For x intercept, plug y=0 in the original function and solve it

0=x4+1x

Solve x

x=-14

Domain is (-,0)(0,)

Therefore, no x intercept

C. Symmetry

For symmetry, replace each x by -x therefore,

f-x=-x4+1-x

f-x=x4+1-x

fx=-f(x)

That means there is symmetry about origin

D. Asymptote:

Horizontal asymptotes-the degree of numerator is greater than the degree of denominator, so there is no horizontal asymptote.

limn±x4+1x =±

So, there are no horizontal asymptotes.

Vertical asymptotes- the points where f is not defined.

So vertical asymptote is x=0

E. Intervals of increase or decrease

To find the intervals of increase or decrease, find the derivative of the given function

f'x=3x2-1x2 

Equating this derivative with 03x2-1x2 =0

Solve for x

x=±134

Combining the critical points with the domain, therefore function has four intervals,

- , -134, -134, 0, 0, 134, 134, 

Now, take a test point from each of the above intervals, and check whether the function is increasing or decreasing in that interval.

For -, -134 consider x=-2

f'-2=3-22-1-22 =11.75

f'-2>0

-<x<-134 , f'x>0

The function is increasing in the interval -, -134

For -134, 0 consider x=-0

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started
Sect-3.1 P-11ESect-3.1 P-12ESect-3.1 P-13ESect-3.1 P-14ESect-3.1 P-15ESect-3.1 P-16ESect-3.1 P-17ESect-3.1 P-18ESect-3.1 P-19ESect-3.1 P-20ESect-3.1 P-21ESect-3.1 P-22ESect-3.1 P-23ESect-3.1 P-24ESect-3.1 P-25ESect-3.1 P-26ESect-3.1 P-27ESect-3.1 P-28ESect-3.1 P-29ESect-3.1 P-30ESect-3.1 P-31ESect-3.1 P-32ESect-3.1 P-33ESect-3.1 P-34ESect-3.1 P-35ESect-3.1 P-36ESect-3.1 P-37ESect-3.1 P-38ESect-3.1 P-39ESect-3.1 P-40ESect-3.1 P-41ESect-3.1 P-42ESect-3.1 P-43ESect-3.1 P-44ESect-3.1 P-45ESect-3.1 P-46ESect-3.1 P-47ESect-3.1 P-48ESect-3.1 P-49ESect-3.1 P-50ESect-3.1 P-51ESect-3.1 P-52ESect-3.1 P-53ESect-3.1 P-54ESect-3.1 P-55ESect-3.1 P-56ESect-3.1 P-57ESect-3.1 P-58ESect-3.1 P-59ESect-3.1 P-60ESect-3.1 P-61ESect-3.1 P-62ESect-3.1 P-63ESect-3.1 P-64ESect-3.1 P-65ESect-3.1 P-66ESect-3.1 P-67ESect-3.1 P-68ESect-3.1 P-69ESect-3.1 P-70ESect-3.1 P-71ESect-3.1 P-72ESect-3.2 P-1ESect-3.2 P-2ESect-3.2 P-3ESect-3.2 P-4ESect-3.2 P-5ESect-3.2 P-6ESect-3.2 P-7ESect-3.2 P-8ESect-3.2 P-9ESect-3.2 P-10ESect-3.2 P-11ESect-3.2 P-12ESect-3.2 P-13ESect-3.2 P-14ESect-3.2 P-15ESect-3.2 P-16ESect-3.2 P-17ESect-3.2 P-18ESect-3.2 P-19ESect-3.2 P-20ESect-3.2 P-21ESect-3.2 P-22ESect-3.2 P-23ESect-3.2 P-24ESect-3.2 P-25ESect-3.2 P-26ESect-3.2 P-27ESect-3.2 P-28ESect-3.2 P-29ESect-3.2 P-30ESect-3.2 P-31ESect-3.2 P-32ESect-3.2 P-33ESect-3.2 P-34ESect-3.2 P-35ESect-3.2 P-36ESect-3.3 P-1ESect-3.3 P-2ESect-3.3 P-3ESect-3.3 P-4ESect-3.3 P-5ESect-3.3 P-6ESect-3.3 P-7ESect-3.3 P-8ESect-3.3 P-9ESect-3.3 P-10ESect-3.3 P-11ESect-3.3 P-12ESect-3.3 P-13ESect-3.3 P-14ESect-3.3 P-15ESect-3.3 P-16ESect-3.3 P-17ESect-3.3 P-18ESect-3.3 P-19ESect-3.3 P-20ESect-3.3 P-21ESect-3.3 P-22ESect-3.3 P-23ESect-3.3 P-24ESect-3.3 P-25ESect-3.3 P-26ESect-3.3 P-27ESect-3.3 P-28ESect-3.3 P-29ESect-3.3 P-30ESect-3.3 P-31ESect-3.3 P-32ESect-3.3 P-33ESect-3.3 P-34ESect-3.3 P-35ESect-3.3 P-36ESect-3.3 P-37ESect-3.3 P-38ESect-3.3 P-39ESect-3.3 P-40ESect-3.3 P-41ESect-3.3 P-42ESect-3.3 P-43ESect-3.3 P-44ESect-3.3 P-45ESect-3.3 P-46ESect-3.3 P-47ESect-3.3 P-48ESect-3.3 P-49ESect-3.3 P-50ESect-3.3 P-51ESect-3.3 P-52ESect-3.3 P-53ESect-3.3 P-54ESect-3.3 P-55ESect-3.3 P-56ESect-3.3 P-57ESect-3.3 P-58ESect-3.3 P-59ESect-3.3 P-60ESect-3.3 P-61ESect-3.3 P-62ESect-3.3 P-63ESect-3.3 P-64ESect-3.3 P-65ESect-3.3 P-66ESect-3.3 P-67ESect-3.3 P-68ESect-3.3 P-69ESect-3.3 P-70ESect-3.3 P-71ESect-3.3 P-72ESect-3.3 P-73ESect-3.3 P-74ESect-3.3 P-75ESect-3.3 P-76ESect-3.3 P-77ESect-3.4 P-1ESect-3.4 P-2ESect-3.4 P-3ESect-3.4 P-4ESect-3.4 P-5ESect-3.4 P-6ESect-3.4 P-7ESect-3.4 P-8ESect-3.4 P-9ESect-3.4 P-10ESect-3.4 P-11ESect-3.4 P-12ESect-3.4 P-13ESect-3.4 P-14ESect-3.4 P-15ESect-3.4 P-16ESect-3.4 P-17ESect-3.4 P-18ESect-3.4 P-19ESect-3.4 P-20ESect-3.4 P-21ESect-3.4 P-22ESect-3.4 P-23ESect-3.4 P-24ESect-3.4 P-25ESect-3.4 P-26ESect-3.4 P-27ESect-3.4 P-28ESect-3.4 P-29ESect-3.4 P-30ESect-3.4 P-31ESect-3.4 P-32ESect-3.4 P-33ESect-3.4 P-34ESect-3.4 P-35ESect-3.4 P-36ESect-3.4 P-37ESect-3.4 P-38ESect-3.4 P-39ESect-3.4 P-40ESect-3.4 P-41ESect-3.4 P-42ESect-3.4 P-43ESect-3.4 P-44ESect-3.4 P-45ESect-3.4 P-46ESect-3.4 P-47ESect-3.4 P-48ESect-3.4 P-49ESect-3.4 P-50ESect-3.4 P-51ESect-3.4 P-52ESect-3.4 P-53ESect-3.4 P-54ESect-3.4 P-55ESect-3.4 P-56ESect-3.4 P-57ESect-3.4 P-58ESect-3.4 P-59ESect-3.4 P-60ESect-3.4 P-61ESect-3.4 P-62ESect-3.4 P-63ESect-3.4 P-64ESect-3.4 P-65ESect-3.4 P-66ESect-3.4 P-67ESect-3.4 P-68ESect-3.4 P-69ESect-3.4 P-70ESect-3.4 P-71ESect-3.4 P-72ESect-3.4 P-73ESect-3.4 P-74ESect-3.5 P-1ESect-3.5 P-2ESect-3.5 P-3ESect-3.5 P-4ESect-3.5 P-5ESect-3.5 P-6ESect-3.5 P-7ESect-3.5 P-8ESect-3.5 P-9ESect-3.5 P-10ESect-3.5 P-11ESect-3.5 P-12ESect-3.5 P-13ESect-3.5 P-14ESect-3.5 P-15ESect-3.5 P-16ESect-3.5 P-17ESect-3.5 P-18ESect-3.5 P-19ESect-3.5 P-20ESect-3.5 P-21ESect-3.5 P-22ESect-3.5 P-23ESect-3.5 P-24ESect-3.5 P-25ESect-3.5 P-26ESect-3.5 P-27ESect-3.5 P-28ESect-3.5 P-29ESect-3.5 P-30ESect-3.5 P-31ESect-3.5 P-32ESect-3.5 P-33ESect-3.5 P-34ESect-3.5 P-35ESect-3.5 P-36ESect-3.5 P-37ESect-3.5 P-38ESect-3.5 P-39ESect-3.5 P-40ESect-3.5 P-41ESect-3.5 P-42ESect-3.5 P-43ESect-3.5 P-44ESect-3.5 P-45ESect-3.5 P-46ESect-3.5 P-47ESect-3.5 P-48ESect-3.5 P-49ESect-3.5 P-50ESect-3.5 P-51ESect-3.5 P-52ESect-3.5 P-53ESect-3.5 P-54ESect-3.5 P-55ESect-3.5 P-56ESect-3.5 P-57ESect-3.5 P-58ESect-3.5 P-59ESect-3.5 P-60ESect-3.6 P-1ESect-3.6 P-2ESect-3.6 P-3ESect-3.6 P-4ESect-3.6 P-5ESect-3.6 P-6ESect-3.6 P-7ESect-3.6 P-8ESect-3.6 P-9ESect-3.6 P-10ESect-3.6 P-11ESect-3.6 P-12ESect-3.6 P-13ESect-3.6 P-14ESect-3.6 P-15ESect-3.6 P-16ESect-3.6 P-17ESect-3.6 P-18ESect-3.6 P-19ESect-3.6 P-20ESect-3.6 P-21ESect-3.6 P-22ESect-3.6 P-23ESect-3.6 P-24ESect-3.6 P-25ESect-3.6 P-26ESect-3.6 P-27ESect-3.6 P-28ESect-3.7 P-1ESect-3.7 P-2ESect-3.7 P-3ESect-3.7 P-4ESect-3.7 P-5ESect-3.7 P-6ESect-3.7 P-7ESect-3.7 P-8ESect-3.7 P-9ESect-3.7 P-10ESect-3.7 P-11ESect-3.7 P-12ESect-3.7 P-13ESect-3.7 P-14ESect-3.7 P-15ESect-3.7 P-16ESect-3.7 P-17ESect-3.7 P-18ESect-3.7 P-19ESect-3.7 P-20ESect-3.7 P-21ESect-3.7 P-22ESect-3.7 P-23ESect-3.7 P-24ESect-3.7 P-25ESect-3.7 P-26ESect-3.7 P-27ESect-3.7 P-28ESect-3.7 P-29ESect-3.7 P-30ESect-3.7 P-31ESect-3.7 P-32ESect-3.7 P-33ESect-3.7 P-34ESect-3.7 P-35ESect-3.7 P-36ESect-3.7 P-37ESect-3.7 P-38ESect-3.7 P-39ESect-3.7 P-40ESect-3.7 P-41ESect-3.7 P-42ESect-3.7 P-43ESect-3.7 P-44ESect-3.7 P-45ESect-3.7 P-46ESect-3.7 P-47ESect-3.7 P-48ESect-3.7 P-49ESect-3.7 P-50ESect-3.7 P-51ESect-3.7 P-52ESect-3.7 P-53ESect-3.7 P-54ESect-3.7 P-55ESect-3.7 P-56ESect-3.7 P-57ESect-3.7 P-58ESect-3.7 P-59ESect-3.7 P-60ESect-3.7 P-61ESect-3.7 P-62ESect-3.7 P-63ESect-3.7 P-64ESect-3.7 P-65ESect-3.7 P-66ESect-3.7 P-67ESect-3.7 P-68ESect-3.7 P-69ESect-3.7 P-70ESect-3.7 P-71ESect-3.7 P-72ESect-3.7 P-73ESect-3.7 P-74ESect-3.7 P-75ESect-3.7 P-76ESect-3.7 P-77ESect-3.7 P-78ESect-3.7 P-79ESect-3.7 P-80ESect-3.8 P-1ESect-3.8 P-2ESect-3.8 P-3ESect-3.8 P-4ESect-3.8 P-5ESect-3.8 P-6ESect-3.8 P-7ESect-3.8 P-8ESect-3.8 P-9ESect-3.8 P-10ESect-3.8 P-11ESect-3.8 P-12ESect-3.8 P-13ESect-3.8 P-14ESect-3.8 P-15ESect-3.8 P-16ESect-3.8 P-17ESect-3.8 P-18ESect-3.8 P-19ESect-3.8 P-20ESect-3.8 P-21ESect-3.8 P-22ESect-3.8 P-23ESect-3.8 P-24ESect-3.8 P-25ESect-3.8 P-26ESect-3.8 P-27ESect-3.8 P-28ESect-3.8 P-29ESect-3.8 P-30ESect-3.8 P-31ESect-3.8 P-32ESect-3.8 P-33ESect-3.8 P-34ESect-3.8 P-35ESect-3.8 P-36ESect-3.8 P-37ESect-3.8 P-38ESect-3.8 P-39ESect-3.8 P-40ESect-3.9 P-1ESect-3.9 P-2ESect-3.9 P-3ESect-3.9 P-4ESect-3.9 P-5ESect-3.9 P-6ESect-3.9 P-7ESect-3.9 P-8ESect-3.9 P-9ESect-3.9 P-10ESect-3.9 P-11ESect-3.9 P-12ESect-3.9 P-13ESect-3.9 P-14ESect-3.9 P-15ESect-3.9 P-16ESect-3.9 P-17ESect-3.9 P-18ESect-3.9 P-19ESect-3.9 P-20ESect-3.9 P-21ESect-3.9 P-22ESect-3.9 P-23ESect-3.9 P-24ESect-3.9 P-25ESect-3.9 P-26ESect-3.9 P-27ESect-3.9 P-28ESect-3.9 P-29ESect-3.9 P-30ESect-3.9 P-31ESect-3.9 P-32ESect-3.9 P-33ESect-3.9 P-34ESect-3.9 P-35ESect-3.9 P-36ESect-3.9 P-37ESect-3.9 P-38ESect-3.9 P-39ESect-3.9 P-40ESect-3.9 P-41ESect-3.9 P-42ESect-3.9 P-43ESect-3.9 P-44ESect-3.9 P-45ESect-3.9 P-46ESect-3.9 P-47ESect-3.9 P-48ESect-3.9 P-49ESect-3.9 P-50ESect-3.9 P-51ESect-3.9 P-52ESect-3.9 P-53ESect-3.9 P-54ESect-3.9 P-55ESect-3.9 P-56ESect-3.9 P-57ESect-3.9 P-58ESect-3.9 P-59ESect-3.9 P-60ESect-3.9 P-61ESect-3.9 P-62ESect-3.9 P-63ESect-3.9 P-64ESect-3.9 P-65ESect-3.9 P-66ESect-3.9 P-67ESect-3.9 P-68ESect-3.9 P-69ESect-3.9 P-70ESect-3.9 P-71ESect-3.9 P-72ESect-3.9 P-73ESect-3.R P-1CCSect-3.R P-2CCSect-3.R P-3CCSect-3.R P-4CCSect-3.R P-5CCSect-3.R P-6CCSect-3.R P-7CCSect-3.R P-8CCSect-3.R P-9CCSect-3.R P-10CCSect-3.R P-11CCSect-3.R P-1TFQSect-3.R P-2TFQSect-3.R P-3TFQSect-3.R P-4TFQSect-3.R P-5TFQSect-3.R P-6TFQSect-3.R P-7TFQSect-3.R P-8TFQSect-3.R P-9TFQSect-3.R P-10TFQSect-3.R P-11TFQSect-3.R P-12TFQSect-3.R P-13TFQSect-3.R P-14TFQSect-3.R P-15TFQSect-3.R P-16TFQSect-3.R P-17TFQSect-3.R P-18TFQSect-3.R P-19TFQSect-3.R P-1ESect-3.R P-2ESect-3.R P-3ESect-3.R P-4ESect-3.R P-5ESect-3.R P-6ESect-3.R P-7ESect-3.R P-8ESect-3.R P-9ESect-3.R P-10ESect-3.R P-11ESect-3.R P-12ESect-3.R P-13ESect-3.R P-14ESect-3.R P-15ESect-3.R P-16ESect-3.R P-17ESect-3.R P-18ESect-3.R P-19ESect-3.R P-20ESect-3.R P-21ESect-3.R P-22ESect-3.R P-23ESect-3.R P-24ESect-3.R P-25ESect-3.R P-26ESect-3.R P-27ESect-3.R P-28ESect-3.R P-29ESect-3.R P-30ESect-3.R P-31ESect-3.R P-32ESect-3.R P-33ESect-3.R P-34ESect-3.R P-35ESect-3.R P-36ESect-3.R P-37ESect-3.R P-38ESect-3.R P-39ESect-3.R P-40ESect-3.R P-41ESect-3.R P-42ESect-3.R P-43ESect-3.R P-44ESect-3.R P-45ESect-3.R P-46ESect-3.R P-47ESect-3.R P-48ESect-3.R P-49ESect-3.R P-50ESect-3.R P-51ESect-3.R P-52ESect-3.R P-53ESect-3.R P-54ESect-3.R P-55ESect-3.R P-56ESect-3.R P-57ESect-3.R P-58ESect-3.R P-59ESect-3.R P-60ESect-3.R P-61ESect-3.R P-62ESect-3.R P-63ESect-3.R P-64ESect-3.R P-65ESect-3.R P-66ESect-3.R P-67ESect-3.R P-68ESect-3.P P-1PSect-3.P P-2PSect-3.P P-3PSect-3.P P-4PSect-3.P P-5PSect-3.P P-6PSect-3.P P-7PSect-3.P P-8PSect-3.P P-9PSect-3.P P-10PSect-3.P P-11PSect-3.P P-12PSect-3.P P-13PSect-3.P P-14PSect-3.P P-15PSect-3.P P-16PSect-3.P P-17PSect-3.P P-18PSect-3.P P-19PSect-3.P P-20PSect-3.P P-21PSect-3.P P-22PSect-3.P P-23PSect-3.P P-24P

Additional Math Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

In Exercises 1-4, simplify the expression. 2x22x124x224x+36

Calculus: An Applied Approach (MindTap Course List)

Solve the equations in Exercises 126. 10x(x2+1)4(x3+1)510x2(x2+1)5(x3+1)4=0

Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Global Defense Spending Global defense spending stood at 1.44 trillion in 2009 and is projected to grow at the ...

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

For f(x, y) = ln(x + y), f(e2, e3) = 2 ln (1 + e) 2 + ln(1 + e) 5

Study Guide for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus, 8th

Given that for all x, a power series for is:

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th

Identify and describe the content of each section of an APA-style research report.

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)