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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw the generalized structure for each of the following.

  1. a. neutral form for a diester of phosphoric acid
  2. b. ionic form for a diester of phosphoric acid
  3. c. neutral form for diphosphoric acid
  4. d. ionic form for diphosphoric acid

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Generalized structure for the neutral form for a diester of phosphoric acid has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Esters are obtained when an acid react with an alcohol.  If the considered acid is a carboxylic acid then the obtained ester is an organic ester.  Same like carboxylic acids, inorganic acid also reacts with alcohol to form inorganic ester.

Explanation

Inorganic acids react with alcohol to form inorganic esters.  Phosphate esters are the one that is obtained when phosphoric acid is treated with alcohol.  Phosphoric acid contains three hydroxyl groups and hence three types of products can be formed.  There are mono-, di-, and tri- esters of phosphoric acid...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Generalized structure for the ionic form for a diester of phosphoric acid has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Esters are obtained when an acid react with an alcohol.  If the considered acid is a carboxylic acid then the obtained ester is an organic ester.  Same like carboxylic acids, inorganic acid also reacts with alcohol to form inorganic ester.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Generalized structure for the neutral form of diphosphoric acid has to be drawn.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Generalized structure for the ionic form of diphosphoric acid has to be drawn.

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