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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following structures represent esters?

Chapter 5, Problem 5.79EP, Which of the following structures represent esters? , example  1

Chapter 5, Problem 5.79EP, Which of the following structures represent esters? , example  2

Chapter 5, Problem 5.79EP, Which of the following structures represent esters? , example  3

Chapter 5, Problem 5.79EP, Which of the following structures represent esters? , example  4

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given structures, the structures that represent esters have to be chosen.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.79EP , additional homework tip  1

If a hydroxyl group is attached to a carbonyl group means it is known as carboxyl group.  This can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.79EP , additional homework tip  2

Carboxylic acid derivatives are the ones that are synthesized from or converted to a carboxylic acid.  The generalized structural representation of carboxylic acid derivatives is shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.79EP , additional homework tip  3

The general structure of ester can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.79EP , additional homework tip  4

The functional group of ester compound can be shown as given below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.79EP , additional homework tip  5

Explanation

Reason for correct options:

The general structure of ester can be given as shown below,

Structure given in option (a) is,

Ester functional group is present in the above structure and it can be shown as,

Hence, this structure represents an ester.

Structure given in option (b) is,

Ester functional group is present in the above structure and it can be shown as,

Hence, this structure represents an ester...

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