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Quincy Farms is a producer of items made from farm products that are distributed to supermarkets. For many years, Quincy’s products have had strong regional sales on the basis of brand recognition. However, other companies have been marketing similar products in the area, and price competition has become increasingly important. Doug Gilbert, the company’s controller, is planning to implement a standard costing system for Quincy and has gathered considerable information from his coworkers on production and direct materials requirements for Quincy’s products. Doug believes that the use of standard costing will allow Quincy to improve cost control and make better operating decisions. Quincy’s most popular product is strawberry jam. The jam is produced in 10-gallon batches, and each batch requires six quarts of good strawberries. The fresh strawberries are sorted by hand before entering the production process. Because of imperfections in the strawberries and spoilage, one quart of strawberries is discarded for every four quarts of acceptable berries. Three minutes is the standard direct labor time required for sorting strawberries in order to obtain one quart of strawberries. The acceptable strawberries are then processed with the other ingredients: processing requires 12 minutes of direct labor time per batch. After processing, the jam is packaged in quart containers. Doug has gathered the following information from Joe Adams, Quincy’s cost accountant, relative to processing the strawberry jam. a. Quincy purchases strawberries at a cost of $0.80 per quart. All other ingredients cost a total of $0.45 per gallon. b. Direct labor is paid at the rate of $9.00 per hour. c. The total cost of direct material and direct labor required to package the jam is $0.38 per quart. Joe has a friend who owns a strawberry farm that has been losing money in recent years. Because of good crops, there has been an oversupply of strawberries, and prices have dropped to $0.50 per quart. Joe has arranged for Quincy to purchase strawberries from his friend’s farm in hopes that the $0.80 per quart will put his friend’s farm in the black. Required: 1. Discuss which coworkers Doug probably consulted to set standards. What factors should Doug consider in establishing the standards for direct materials and direct labor? 2. Develop the standard cost sheet for the prime costs of a 10-gallon batch of strawberry jam. 3. Citing the specific standards of the IMA Statement of Ethical Professional Practice described in Chapter 1, explain why Joe’s behavior regarding the cost information provided to Doug is unethical. (CMA adapted)

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Cornerstones of Cost Management (C...

4th Edition
Don R. Hansen + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305970663

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Cornerstones of Cost Management (C...

4th Edition
Don R. Hansen + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305970663
Chapter 9, Problem 12E
Textbook Problem
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Quincy Farms is a producer of items made from farm products that are distributed to supermarkets. For many years, Quincy’s products have had strong regional sales on the basis of brand recognition. However, other companies have been marketing similar products in the area, and price competition has become increasingly important. Doug Gilbert, the company’s controller, is planning to implement a standard costing system for Quincy and has gathered considerable information from his coworkers on production and direct materials requirements for Quincy’s products. Doug believes that the use of standard costing will allow Quincy to improve cost control and make better operating decisions.

Quincy’s most popular product is strawberry jam. The jam is produced in 10-gallon batches, and each batch requires six quarts of good strawberries. The fresh strawberries are sorted by hand before entering the production process. Because of imperfections in the strawberries and spoilage, one quart of strawberries is discarded for every four quarts of acceptable berries. Three minutes is the standard direct labor time required for sorting strawberries in order to obtain one quart of strawberries. The acceptable strawberries are then processed with the other ingredients: processing requires 12 minutes of direct labor time per batch. After processing, the jam is packaged in quart containers. Doug has gathered the following information from Joe Adams, Quincy’s cost accountant, relative to processing the strawberry jam.

  1. a. Quincy purchases strawberries at a cost of $0.80 per quart. All other ingredients cost a total of $0.45 per gallon.
  2. b. Direct labor is paid at the rate of $9.00 per hour.
  3. c. The total cost of direct material and direct labor required to package the jam is $0.38 per quart.

Joe has a friend who owns a strawberry farm that has been losing money in recent years. Because of good crops, there has been an oversupply of strawberries, and prices have dropped to $0.50 per quart. Joe has arranged for Quincy to purchase strawberries from his friend’s farm in hopes that the $0.80 per quart will put his friend’s farm in the black.

Required:

  1. 1. Discuss which coworkers Doug probably consulted to set standards. What factors should Doug consider in establishing the standards for direct materials and direct labor?
  2. 2. Develop the standard cost sheet for the prime costs of a 10-gallon batch of strawberry jam.
  3. 3. Citing the specific standards of the IMA Statement of Ethical Professional Practice described in Chapter 1, explain why Joe’s behavior regarding the cost information provided to Doug is unethical. (CMA adapted)

1.

To determine

Determine with whom Mr. D have consulted to set standards and indicate the factors in establishing the standards for direct materials and direct labor.

Explanation of Solution

Mr. D is the controller of Q farms and he decided to implement a standard cost system because of increase in price competition. Mr. D has consulted with coworkers such as operating personnel, cost accountant and engineers. The operating personnel are the primary source for quantity information and they are the personnel’s who involved in setting the standards...

2.

To determine

Prepare the standard cost sheet for the costs of a 10-gallons batch of strawberry jam.

3.

To determine

Describe the behavior of Mr. J regarding the information provided to Mr. D is unethical.

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Chapter 9 Solutions

Cornerstones of Cost Management (Cornerstones Series)
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Ch. 9 - Explain why the variable overhead spending...Ch. 9 - What is the cause of an unfavorable volume...Ch. 9 - What are control limits, and how are they set?Ch. 9 - Explain how the two-, three-, and four-variance...Ch. 9 - Explain what mix and yield variances are.Ch. 9 - Guillermos Oil and Lube Company is a service...Ch. 9 - Direct Materials Usage Variance Refer to...Ch. 9 - Refer to Cornerstone Exercise 9.1. Guillermos Oil...Ch. 9 - Kavallia Company set a standard cost for one item...Ch. 9 - Yohan Company has the following balances in its...Ch. 9 - Standish Company manufactures consumer products...Ch. 9 - Variances Refer to Cornerstone Exercise 9.6....Ch. 9 - Standish Company manufactures consumer products...Ch. 9 - Mangia Pizza Company makes frozen pizzas that are...Ch. 9 - Mangia Pizza Company makes frozen pizzas that are...Ch. 9 - Refer to Cornerstone Exercise 9.9. Required: 1....Ch. 9 - Quincy Farms is a producer of items made from farm...Ch. 9 - During the year, Dorner Company produced 280,000...Ch. 9 - Zoller Company produces a dark chocolate candy...Ch. 9 - Oerstman, Inc., uses a standard costing system and...Ch. 9 - Refer to the data in Exercise 9.15. Required: 1....Ch. 9 - Chypre, Inc., produces a cologne mist using a...Ch. 9 - Refer to Exercise 9.17. Chypre, Inc., purchased...Ch. 9 - Delano Company uses two types of direct labor for...Ch. 9 - Jameson Company produces paper towels. The company...Ch. 9 - Madison Company uses the following rule to...Ch. 9 - Laughlin, Inc., uses a standard costing system....Ch. 9 - Responsibility for the materials price variance...Ch. 9 - Which of the following is true concerning labor...Ch. 9 - A company uses a standard costing system. At the...Ch. 9 - Relevant information for direct labor is as...Ch. 9 - Which of the following is the most likely...Ch. 9 - Haversham Corporation produces dress shirts. The...Ch. 9 - Plimpton Company produces countertop ovens....Ch. 9 - Algers Company produces dry fertilizer. At the...Ch. 9 - Misterio Company uses a standard costing system....Ch. 9 - Petrillo Company produces engine parts for large...Ch. 9 - Business Specialty, Inc., manufactures two...Ch. 9 - Vet-Pro, Inc., produces a veterinary grade...Ch. 9 - Refer to the data in Problem 9.34. Vet-Pro, Inc.,...Ch. 9 - Energy Products Company produces a gasoline...Ch. 9 - Nuevo Company produces a single product. Nuevo...Ch. 9 - Ingles Company manufactures external hard drives....Ch. 9 - As part of its cost control program, Tracer...Ch. 9 - Aspen Medical Laboratory performs comprehensive...Ch. 9 - Leather Works is a family-owned maker of leather...

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