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Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052
Chapter 9, Problem 3QP
Textbook Problem
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If the genetic code used 4 bases at a time, how many amino acids could be encoded?

Summary Introduction

To determine: The number amino acids that can be encoded, if the genetic code uses 4 bases at a time.

Introduction: The amino acids are the subunits of a protein that are linked together with the help of chemical bonding. An amino acid contains a sequence of genetic code having different base pairs. A specific amino acid contains a specific genetic code.

Explanation of Solution

Four nitrogen bases are present in DNA, or RNA: adenine, thymine (uracil in RNA), guanine, and cytosine. Genetic code contains a group of bases which specify a particular amino acid. If a genetic code uses 4 bases at a time, each base pair would be a codon and code for one amino acid...

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