   Chapter 13, Problem 23E

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

# At a given temperature, K = 1.3 × 10−2 for the reaction N 2 ( g ) + 3 H 2 ( g ) ⇌ 2 NH 3 ( g ) Calculate values of K for the following reactions at this temperature.a.· 1 2 N 2 ( g ) + 3 2 H 2 ( g ) ⇌ NH 3 ( g ) b. 2 N H 3 ( g ) ⇌ N 2 ( g ) + 3 H ( g ) c. NH 3 ( g ) ⇌ 1 2 N 2 ( g ) + 3 2 H 2 ( g ) d. 2N 2 ( g ) + 6 H 2 ( g ) ⇌ 4 NH 3 ( g )

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The equilibrium constant (K) for each of the given gas-phase reactions is to be stated.

Concept introduction: The state when the reactants involved in a chemical reaction and the products formed in the reaction exist in concentrations having no further tendency to change is known as an equilibrium state of the reaction. When the equilibrium constant is expressed in terms of concentration, it is represented K .

To determine: The equilibrium constant for the given reaction.

Explanation

Given

The stated reaction is,

N2(g)+3H2(g)2NH3(g)

The equilibrium constant (K) for the stated reaction is 1.3×102 .

At equilibrium, the equilibrium constant expression is stated,

K=[NH3]2[N2][H2]3

Where,

• K is the equilibrium constant.

The stated reaction is,

12N2(g)+32H2(g)NH3(g)

At equilibrium, the equilibrium constant expression is stated,

K1=[NH3][N2]12[H2]32

Where,

• K1 is the equilibrium constant for this reaction

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The equilibrium constant (K) for each of the given gas-phase reactions is to be stated.

Concept introduction: The state when the reactants involved in a chemical reaction and the products formed in the reaction exist in concentrations having no further tendency to change is known as an equilibrium state of the reaction. When the equilibrium constant is expressed in terms of concentration, it is represented K .

To determine: The equilibrium constant for the given reaction.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The equilibrium constant (K) for each of the given gas-phase reactions is to be stated.

Concept introduction: The state when the reactants involved in a chemical reaction and the products formed in the reaction exist in concentrations having no further tendency to change is known as an equilibrium state of the reaction. When the equilibrium constant is expressed in terms of concentration, it is represented K .

To determine: The equilibrium constant for the given reaction.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The equilibrium constant (K) for each of the given gas-phase reactions is to be stated.

Concept introduction: The state when the reactants involved in a chemical reaction and the products formed in the reaction exist in concentrations having no further tendency to change is known as an equilibrium state of the reaction. When the equilibrium constant is expressed in terms of concentration, it is represented K .

To determine: The equilibrium constant for the given reaction.

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