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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

Predict the shift in the equilibrium position that will occur for each of the following reactions when the volume of the reaction container is increased.

a. N 2 ( g ) + 3 H 2 ( g ) 2 NH 3 ( g )

b. PCl 5 ( g ) PCl 3 ( g ) + Cl 2 ( g )

c. H 2 ( g ) + F 2 ( g ) 2 HF ( g )

d. COCl 2 ( g ) CO ( g ) + Cl 2 ( g )

e. CaCO 3 ( s ) CaO ( s ) + CO 2 ( g )

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The shift of equilibrium is to be predicted for each reaction when volume of reaction container is increased.

Concept introduction: The state when the reactants involved in a chemical reaction and the products formed in the reaction exist in concentrations having no further tendency to change is known as an equilibrium state of the reaction.

To determine: The shift of equilibrium for the given reaction when volume of reaction container is increased.

Explanation

The equilibrium shift towards reactant side.

The stated reaction is,

N2(g)+3H2(g)2NH3(g)

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The shift of equilibrium is to be predicted for each reaction when volume of reaction container is increased.

Concept introduction: The state when the reactants involved in a chemical reaction and the products formed in the reaction exist in concentrations having no further tendency to change is known as an equilibrium state of the reaction.

To determine: The shift of equilibrium for the given reaction when volume of reaction container is increased.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The shift of equilibrium is to be predicted for each reaction when volume of reaction container is increased.

Concept introduction: The state when the reactants involved in a chemical reaction and the products formed in the reaction exist in concentrations having no further tendency to change is known as an equilibrium state of the reaction.

To determine: The shift of equilibrium for the given reaction when volume of reaction container is increased.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The shift of equilibrium is to be predicted for each reaction when volume of reaction container is increased.

Concept introduction: The state when the reactants involved in a chemical reaction and the products formed in the reaction exist in concentrations having no further tendency to change is known as an equilibrium state of the reaction.

To determine: The shift of equilibrium for the given reaction when volume of reaction container is increased.

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The shift of equilibrium is to be predicted for each reaction when volume of reaction container is increased.

Concept introduction: The state when the reactants involved in a chemical reaction and the products formed in the reaction exist in concentrations having no further tendency to change is known as an equilibrium state of the reaction.

To determine: The shift of equilibrium for the given reaction when volume of reaction container is increased.

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