9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097




9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

Old-fashioned “smelling salts” consist of ammonium carbonate, (NH4)2CO3. The reaction for the decomposition of ammonium carbonate

( NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 ( s ) 2 NH 3 ( g ) + CO ( g ) + H 2 O ( g ) is endothermic. Would the smell of ammonia increase or decrease as the temperature is increased?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The reaction of production of ammonium carbonate is given. The change in smell of ammonia is to be predicted as the temperature is increased.

Concept introduction: The state when the reactants involved in a chemical reaction and the products formed in the reaction exist in concentrations having no further tendency to change is known as an equilibrium state of the reaction.

According to Le Chatelier’s principle “When equilibrium is subjected to change in variable, the shift in the equilibrium is produced in the direction that nullifies the effect of change.”

To determine: If the smell of ammonia is increased or decreased when the temperature is increased.



The stated reaction is,


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