   Chapter 3, Problem 24PS

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Decide whether each of the following is water-soluble. If soluble, tell what ions are produced when the compound dissolves in water.(a) NiCl2(b) Cr(NO3)3(c) Pb(NO3)2(d) BaSO4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Water solubility of the given compounds and ions produced by the compounds should be analyzed.

Concept introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of (Na+)(K+)(NH4+)(NO3-)(ClO3-)(ClO4-)and(CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble.  But some of the halides (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble.  But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble. But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of (CO32-)(PO43-)(C2O42-)(CrO42-) and(S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

Explanation

The given compound Nickel (II) chloride which is soluble in water.

NiCl2 is dissolves in water, Nickel(II) chloride is composed of Ni2+

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Water solubility of the given compounds and ions produced by the compounds should be analyzed.

Concept introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of (Na+)(K+)(NH4+)(NO3-)(ClO3-)(ClO4-)and(CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble.  But some of the halides (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble.  But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble. But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of (CO32-)(PO43-)(C2O42-)(CrO42-) and(S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Water solubility of the given compounds and ions produced by the compounds should be analyzed.

Concept introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of (Na+)(K+)(NH4+)(NO3-)(ClO3-)(ClO4-)and(CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble.  But some of the halides (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble.  But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble. But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of (CO32-)(PO43-)(C2O42-)(CrO42-) and(S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Water solubility of the given compounds and ions produced by the compounds should be analyzed.

Concept introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of (Na+)(K+)(NH4+)(NO3-)(ClO3-)(ClO4-)and(CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble.  But some of the halides (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble.  But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble. But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of (CO32-)(PO43-)(C2O42-)(CrO42-) and(S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Find more solutions based on key concepts 