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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Identify each of the blowing substances as a likely oxidizing or reducing agent: HNO3, Na, C12, O2, KMnO4.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given substances as likely whether oxidizing or reducing agent has to be identified.

Concept introduction:

An oxidizing agent gains the electrons and is reduced in a chemical reaction and it is electron acceptor.

A reducing agent loses electrons and is oxidized in a chemical reaction and it is electron donor.

The oxidation state is called as oxidation number, which describes degree of oxidation (loss of electrons) of an atom in a chemical compound.  Theoretically, the oxidation state is positive, negative or zero.

Explanation

Nitric acid  HNO3 is oxidizing agent.

Sodium is reducing agent because it can donate the electron.

Chlorine Cl2 is oxidizing agent because it can take the electrons

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