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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

You are given mixtures containing the following compounds. Which compound in each pair could be separated by stirring the solid mixture with water?

(a) NaOH and Ca(OH)2

(b) MgC12 and MgF2

(c) AgI and KI

(d) NH4Cl and PbCl2

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The mixture containing NaOH and Ca(OH)2, the compound which is separated by stirring the solid mixture with water should be identified.

Concept introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of Na+, K+, NH4+,(NO3-),(ClO3-),(ClO4-)and(CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble. But some of the halides (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble. But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble.  But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of (CO32-),(PO43-),(C2O42-),(CrO42-) and(S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

Explanation

NaOH can be separated by stirring with water, because, most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water, NaOH</

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The mixture containing NaOH and Ca(OH)2, the compound which is separated by stirring the solid mixture with water should be identified.

Concept introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of Na+, K+, NH4+,(NO3-),(ClO3-),(ClO4-)and(CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble. But some of the halides (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble. But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble.  But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of (CO32-),(PO43-),(C2O42-),(CrO42-) and(S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The mixture containing NaOH and Ca(OH)2, the compound which is separated by stirring the solid mixture with water should be identified.

Concept introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of Na+, K+, NH4+,(NO3-),(ClO3-),(ClO4-)and(CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble. But some of the halides (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble. But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble.  But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of (CO32-),(PO43-),(C2O42-),(CrO42-) and(S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The mixture containing NaOH and Ca(OH)2, the compound which is separated by stirring the solid mixture with water should be identified.

Concept introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of Na+, K+, NH4+,(NO3-),(ClO3-),(ClO4-)and(CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble. But some of the halides (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble. But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble.  But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of (CO32-),(PO43-),(C2O42-),(CrO42-) and(S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

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