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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

How many alcohol constitutional isomers exist that have the chemical formula C4H10O and that fit each of the following descriptions?

  1. a. 1° alcohol
  2. b. 2° alcohol
  3. c. 3° alcohol
  4. d. has a carbon ring as part of its structure

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of primary alcohol constitutional isomers that exist for chemical formula C5H12O has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  The isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

In case of alcohols, constitutional isomerism is possible for the compounds that contain three or more carbon atoms.

Explanation

The chemical formula given for the alcohol is C4H10O.  Primary alcohol is the one which contains the carbon atom that bears the hydroxyl group is bonded to only one carbon atom.  By considering this, the primary alcohol constitutional isomers can be drawn as shown below,

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of secondary alcohol constitutional isomers that exist for chemical formula C4H10O has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  The isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

In case of alcohols, constitutional isomerism is possible for the compounds that contain three or more carbon atoms.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of tertiary alcohol constitutional isomers that exist for chemical formula C4H10O has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  The isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

In case of alcohols, constitutional isomerism is possible for the compounds that contain three or more carbon atoms.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of alcohol constitutional isomers that has a carbon ring as a part of its structure for chemical formula C4H10O has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  The isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

In case of alcohols, constitutional isomerism is possible for the compounds that contain three or more carbon atoms.

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