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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399425
BuyFind

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399425

Solutions

Chapter 4, Problem 106AP
Textbook Problem

Write the atomic symbol ( Z A X ) for each of the isotopes described below.

  1. Z= 6. number of neutrons = 7
  2. the isotope of carbon with a mass number of 13
  3. Z=6,A= 13
  4. Z=19,A=44
  5. the isotope of calcium with a mass number of 41
  6. the isotope with 19 protons and 16 neutrons

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Chapter 4 Solutions

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Ch. 4 - The average mass of a carbon atom is 12.011....Ch. 4 - How is an ion formed? by either adding or...Ch. 4 - The formula of water,H2O , suggests which of the...Ch. 4 - The vitamin niacin (nicotinic acid,C6H5NO2 ) can...Ch. 4 - One of the best indications of a useful theory is...Ch. 4 - Dalton assumed that all atoms of the same element...Ch. 4 - How does Dalton’s atomic theory account for the...Ch. 4 - Which of the following is true about the slate of...Ch. 4 - These questions concern the work of J. J. Thomson:...Ch. 4 - Heat is applied to an ice cube until only steam is...Ch. 4 - What makes a carbon atom different from a nitrogen...Ch. 4 - Hundreds of years ago, alchemists tried to turn...Ch. 4 - Chlorine has two prominent isotopes,37Cl and35Cl ....Ch. 4 - Differentiate between an atomic element and a...Ch. 4 - Science often develops by using the known theories...Ch. 4 - Rutherford was surprised when some of theparticles...Ch. 4 - It is good practice to actively read the textbook...Ch. 4 - Why is the term “sodium chloride molecule”...Ch. 4 - Both atomic elements and molecular elements exist....Ch. 4 - Now that you have gone through Chapter 4, go back...Ch. 4 - Write the formula for each of the following...Ch. 4 - Use the following figures to identify the element...Ch. 4 - What were the four fundamental substances...Ch. 4 - was the first scientist to recognize the...Ch. 4 - In addition to his important work on the...Ch. 4 - What are the three most abundant elements (by...Ch. 4 - What are the live most abundant elements (by mass)...Ch. 4 - Read the “Chemistry in Focus” segment Trace...Ch. 4 - Give the symbols anti names for the elements whose...Ch. 4 - The symbols for most elements are based on the...Ch. 4 - Find the symbol in Column 2 for each name in...Ch. 4 - Several elements have chemical symbols beginning...Ch. 4 - Use the periodic table shown in Fig. 4.9 to find...Ch. 4 - Use the periodic table inside the front cover of...Ch. 4 - For each of the following chemical symbols, give...Ch. 4 - Several chemical elements have English names...Ch. 4 - A given compound always contains the same...Ch. 4 - Correct each of the following misstatements from...Ch. 4 - What is a compound?Ch. 4 - A given compound always contains the same relative...Ch. 4 - Based on the following word descriptions, write...Ch. 4 - Based on the following word descriptions, write...Ch. 4 - Scientists J. J. Thomson and William Thomson (Lord...Ch. 4 - True or false? Rutherford’s bombardment...Ch. 4 - Where are neutrons found in an atom? Are neutrons...Ch. 4 - What are the positively charged particles found in...Ch. 4 - Do the proton and the neutron have exactly the...Ch. 4 - The proton and the (electron/neutron) have almost...Ch. 4 - An average atomic nucleus has a diameter of about...Ch. 4 - Which particles in an atom are most responsible...Ch. 4 - Explain what we mean when we say that a particular...Ch. 4 - True or false? The mass number of a nucleus...Ch. 4 - For an isolated atom, why do we expect the number...Ch. 4 - Why do we not necessarily expect the number of...Ch. 4 - Dalton’s original atomic theory proposed that all...Ch. 4 - Which scientist discovered that the nuclei of most...Ch. 4 - For each of the following elements, use the...Ch. 4 - Of the following isotopes, which are isotopes of...Ch. 4 - Write the atomic symbol(ZAX) for each of the...Ch. 4 - Write the atomic symbol(ZAX) for each of the...Ch. 4 - How many protons and neutrons are contained in the...Ch. 4 - Read the Chemistry in Focus” segment “Whair”Do You...Ch. 4 - Read the “Chemistry in Focus” segmentIsotope...Ch. 4 - Complete the following table. Name Symbol Atomic...Ch. 4 - True or false? The elements are arranged in the...Ch. 4 - In which direction on the periodic table,...Ch. 4 - List the characteristic physical properties that...Ch. 4 - Where are the metallic elements found on the...Ch. 4 - Most, but not all, metallic elements are solids...Ch. 4 - List five nonmetallic elements that exist as...Ch. 4 - Under ordinary conditions, only a few pure...Ch. 4 - The elements that lie close to the “stair-step”...Ch. 4 - Write the number and name (if any) of the group...Ch. 4 - Without looking at your textbook or the periodic...Ch. 4 - For each of the following elements, use the...Ch. 4 - The “Chemistry in Focus” segmentPutting the...Ch. 4 - Most substances are composed of _________ rather...Ch. 4 - Are most of (lie chemical elements found in nature...Ch. 4 - The noble gas present in relatively large...Ch. 4 - Why are the elements of Group 8 referred to as the...Ch. 4 - Molecules of nitrogen gas and oxygen gas are said...Ch. 4 - Give three examples of gaseous elements that exist...Ch. 4 - A simple way to generate elemental hydrogen gas is...Ch. 4 - If sodium chloride (table salt) is melted and then...Ch. 4 - Most of the elements are solids at room...Ch. 4 - The two most common elemental forms of carbon are...Ch. 4 - An isolated atom has a net charge of ________ .Ch. 4 - Ions are produced when an atom gains or loses...Ch. 4 - A simple ion with a 3+ charge (for example, A13+)...Ch. 4 - An ion that has two more electrons outside the...Ch. 4 - Positive ions are called , whereas negative ions...Ch. 4 - Simple negative ions formed from single atoms are...Ch. 4 - Based on their location in the periodic table,...Ch. 4 - True or false?N3 andP3 contain a different number...Ch. 4 - How many electrons are present in each of the...Ch. 4 - State the number of protons, electrons, and...Ch. 4 - For the following processes that show the...Ch. 4 - For the following ions, indicate whether electrons...Ch. 4 - For each of the following atomic numbers, use the...Ch. 4 - On the basis of the element’s location in the...Ch. 4 - List some properties of a substance that would...Ch. 4 - Why does a solution of sodium chloride in water...Ch. 4 - Why does an ionic compound conduct an electric...Ch. 4 - Why must the total number of positive charges in...Ch. 4 - For each of the following positive ions, use the...Ch. 4 - For each of the following negative ions, use the...Ch. 4 - For each of the following elements, give the...Ch. 4 - Give the group number (if any) in the periodic...Ch. 4 - List the names, symbols, and atomic numbers of the...Ch. 4 - Which of the following statements is(are) true?...Ch. 4 - Which of the following is(are) true regardingand...Ch. 4 - Which subatomic particles contribute most to the...Ch. 4 - Is it possible for the same Iwo elements to form...Ch. 4 - Carbohydrates, a class of compounds containing the...Ch. 4 - When iron rusts in moist air, the product is...Ch. 4 - How many protons and neutrons are contained in the...Ch. 4 - Though the common isotope of aluminum has a mass...Ch. 4 - The principal goal of alchemists was to convert...Ch. 4 - How did Robert Boyle define an element?Ch. 4 - How many electrons are present in each of the...Ch. 4 - Give the chemical symbol for each of the following...Ch. 4 - Which of the following series of elements is not...Ch. 4 - Give the chemical symbol for each of the following...Ch. 4 - A metal ion with a 2+ charge contains 34 neutrons...Ch. 4 - For each of the following chemical symbols, give...Ch. 4 - Write the simplest formula for each of the...Ch. 4 - For each of the following atomic numbers, write...Ch. 4 - Write the atomic symbol(ZAX) for each of the...Ch. 4 - How many protons and neutrons are contained in the...Ch. 4 - Complete the following table. Symbol Protons...Ch. 4 - For each of the following elements, use the table...Ch. 4 - Read the “Chemistry in Focus” segmentA Four-...Ch. 4 - Provide the name of the clement that corresponds...Ch. 4 - Provide the symbols for the elements given in the...Ch. 4 - Complete the following table. Number of Protons...Ch. 4 - Complete the following table to predict whether...Ch. 4 - Using the periodic table, complete the following...Ch. 4 - Compete the following table. Atom/Ion Protons...Ch. 4 - Which of the following is(are) correct? a.40Ca2+...

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