Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425



Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem

How do ionic solids differ in structure from molecular solids? What are the fundamental panicles in each? Give two examples of each type of solid and indicate the individual particles that make up the solids in each of your examples.

Interpretation Introduction


The difference between ionic solids and molecular solid should be explained. The fundamental particles in each must be explained along with two example of each. The individual particles which make the whole solid in the example taken must be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Solids are classified according to the constituent particles. Two common types of solids are ionic solid and molecular solid.

In ionic solid there is electrostatic interaction between oppositely charged ions. For example sodium chloride is an ionic solid.

In molecular solid there is weak van der Waal force which is proportional to surface area. For example iodine is a molecular solid.


The ionic solid and molecular solid are differentiated based on their intermolecular forces.

Intermolecular force is much stronger in ionic solid unlike molecular solid.

In ionic solid there are oppositely charged ions which interact very strongly contributing stronger intermolecular force in ionic solid like sodium chloride...

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