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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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What is an alloy? Explain the differences in structure between substitutional and interstitial alloys. Give an example of each type.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The term alloy must be defined. The differences in structure between substitutional and interstitial alloys must be explained giving an example of each type.

Concept Introduction:

Alloy is a mixture of chemical substances. It can be formed by combination of metals of same or different elements. The metallic bonding character defines an alloy. It can be a solid solution of metallic elements or a mixture of two or more solutions.

Explanation

The mixing of two molten metals depends on relative size of the metals. When the relative sizes of metals are comparable then atom exchange method works. In this case some of the metals forming the crystal are substituted by the other metal.

For example in bronze some of copper metal substituted with either tin or zinc metal...

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