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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Without looking back at the text, write the structural formula and the name for a representative compound from each of the following families (functional groups).

a. amine

e. ester

b. alcohol

f. ketone

c. carboxylic acid

g. ether

d. aldehyde

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

In this subpart one must identify the functional group that is present in each molecule and thereby indicate the family of organic compounds to which the compound specifically belongs to.

Concept Introduction:

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry-IUPAC has developed a method for systematically naming organic compounds. The name given to a compound according to the IUPAC nomenclature consists of several parts the critical or the first part is to identify the main functional group present in a molecule in order to name it correctly. It allows the identification of the class of the compound easily possible without any ambiguity. The table indicating the main functional groups present in organic molecules can be summarized in the table below.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 20, Problem 57QAP , additional homework tip  1

Table 1: The series of functional groups arranged in the decreasing order of the priority.

Explanation
  • The name given to a compound according to the IUPAC nomenclature consists of several parts.
    1. The suffix that is used to indicate the main functional group of the structure.
    2. Name of the chain that is used to identify the main carbon chain of the compound.
    3. The prefixes that are used to indicate the substituent groups.
    4. The numbers that are used to indicate the places at which the substituent groups, additional groups and the main functional groups are attached to the chain.

The IUPAC name of an aliphatic compound can easily be developed by following the steps stated below in the given order.

  • The main functional group should be identified first.
  • The root name for the principal chain should be selected.
  • In the name of the chain, the suffix for the double or triple bond in the parent chain should be added.
  • The substituent groups should be named.
  • The name of the substituent groups should be added in the name of chain.
  • The carbon atoms in the chain should be numbered.
  • The minimum possible number is given to the main functional group present as a substituent in the chain...
Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

In this subpart one must identify the functional group that is present in each molecule and thereby indicate the family of organic compounds to which the compound specifically belongs to.

Concept Introduction:

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry-IUPAC has developed a method for systematically naming organic compounds. The name given to a compound according to the IUPAC nomenclature consists of several parts the critical or the first part is to identify the main functional group present in a molecule in order to name it correctly. It allows the identification of the class of the compound easily possible without any ambiguity. The table indicating the main functional groups present in organic molecules can be summarized in the table below.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 20, Problem 57QAP , additional homework tip  2

Table 1: The series of functional groups arranged in the decreasing order of the priority.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

In this subpart one must identify the functional group that is present in each molecule and thereby indicate the family of organic compounds to which the compound specifically belongs to.

Concept Introduction:

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry-IUPAC has developed a method for systematically naming organic compounds. The name given to a compound according to the IUPAC nomenclature consists of several parts the critical or the first part is to identify the main functional group present in a molecule in order to name it correctly. It allows the identification of the class of the compound easily possible without any ambiguity. The table indicating the main functional groups present in organic molecules can be summarized in the table below.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 20, Problem 57QAP , additional homework tip  3

Table 1: The series of functional groups arranged in the decreasing order of the priority.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

In this subpart one must identify the functional group that is present in each molecule and thereby indicate the family of organic compounds to which the compound specifically belongs to.

Concept Introduction:

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry-IUPAC has developed a method for systematically naming organic compounds. The name given to a compound according to the IUPAC nomenclature consists of several parts the critical or the first part is to identify the main functional group present in a molecule in order to name it correctly. It allows the identification of the class of the compound easily possible without any ambiguity. The table indicating the main functional groups present in organic molecules can be summarized in the table below.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 20, Problem 57QAP , additional homework tip  4

Table 1: The series of functional groups arranged in the decreasing order of the priority.

Interpretation Introduction

(e)

Interpretation:

In this subpart one must identify the functional group that is present in each molecule and thereby indicate the family of organic compounds to which the compound specifically belongs to.

Concept Introduction:

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry-IUPAC has developed a method for systematically naming organic compounds. The name given to a compound according to the IUPAC nomenclature consists of several parts the critical or the first part is to identify the main functional group present in a molecule in order to name it correctly. It allows the identification of the class of the compound easily possible without any ambiguity. The table indicating the main functional groups present in organic molecules can be summarized in the table below.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 20, Problem 57QAP , additional homework tip  5

Table 1: The series of functional groups arranged in the decreasing order of the priority.

Interpretation Introduction

(f)

Interpretation:

In this subpart one must identify the functional group that is present in each molecule and thereby indicate the family of organic compounds to which the compound specifically belongs to.

Concept Introduction:

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry-IUPAC has developed a method for systematically naming organic compounds. The name given to a compound according to the IUPAC nomenclature consists of several parts the critical or the first part is to identify the main functional group present in a molecule in order to name it correctly. It allows the identification of the class of the compound easily possible without any ambiguity. The table indicating the main functional groups present in organic molecules can be summarized in the table below.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 20, Problem 57QAP , additional homework tip  6

Table 1: The series of functional groups arranged in the decreasing order of the priority.

Interpretation Introduction

(g)

Interpretation:

In this subpart one must identify the functional group that is present in each molecule and thereby indicate the family of organic compounds to which the compound specifically belongs to.

Concept Introduction:

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry-IUPAC has developed a method for systematically naming organic compounds. The name given to a compound according to the IUPAC nomenclature consists of several parts the critical or the first part is to identify the main functional group present in a molecule in order to name it correctly. It allows the identification of the class of the compound easily possible without any ambiguity. The table indicating the main functional groups present in organic molecules can be summarized in the table below.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 20, Problem 57QAP , additional homework tip  7

Table 1: The series of functional groups arranged in the decreasing order of the priority.

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