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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. What do the prefixes ortho-, meta-, and para- refer to in terms of the relative location of substituents in a disubstituted benzene?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The meaning of ortho-, meta-, and para- in terms of relative location of substituents in a disubstituted benzene should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical formula for benzene is C6 H6, it is composed of carbon and hydrogen atoms joined in a ring. It contains 6 hydrogen atoms and 6 carbon atoms with alternate double bonds in the ring.

Explanation

The prefixes used in organic chemistry for disubstituted benzene are ortho-, meta-, and para- which are used to indicate the position of substituent (non-hydrogen) on benzene.

  • Ortho.
  • It describes the position of substituents at 1 and 2 positions on benzene, an aromatic compound. The symbol used for ortho is o- that means substituents at 1, 2-positions.

Where A and B are substituent (non-hydrogen) on benzene.

  • Meta.
  • It describes the position of substituents at 1 and 3 positions on benzene, an aromatic compound...

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