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Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305079243

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305079243
Textbook Problem

Describe the type of bonding that exists in the Cl2(g) molecule. How does this type of bonding differ from that found in the HCl(g) molecule? How is it similar?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The type of bonding existing in the Cl2(g) molecule is to be explained. The similarities and differences between the bonding present in the Cl2 molecule and the HCl molecule is to be explained.

Concept introduction: Chemical bonding shows the attraction between the atoms, ions or molecules of a chemical substance. Two main types of chemical bonding that exist are ionic and covalent. Covalent bonding can be further classified into polar covalent bonding and non-polar covalent bonding.

To determine: The nature of the bond formed in case of the Cl2(g) molecule. An analogy between the bonding present in the Cl2(g) molecule and that present in the HCl(g) molecule.

Explanation

To determine: The type of bonding present in the Cl2(g) molecule.

A type of molecular bond that deals with the sharing of the electron pairs between atoms is known as a covalent bond. Cl2(g) is a diatomic molecule existing in the gaseous state. The atoms here are bonded with the help of a covalent bond. Both the chlorine atoms have the same electronegativity and hence the electronegativity difference is zero. Thus the electron pairs are shared equally between the two chlorine atoms. This makes it a symmetrical molecule. The electron sharing diagram of Cl2(g) ,

Figure.1

To determine: The similarity between the bonding present in the Cl2(g) molecule and in the HCl(g) molecule.

The Cl2(g) molecule and HCl(g) molecule are similar in case of the bond formation

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