College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300

Chapter
Section

College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300
Textbook Problem

a man of mass m1 = 70.0 kg is skating at v1 = 8.00 m/s behind his wife of mass m2 = 50.0 kg, who is skating at v2 = 4.00 m/s. Instead of passing her, he inadvertently collides with her. He grabs her around the waist, and they maintain their balance. (a) Sketch the problem with before-and-after diagrams, representing the skaters as blocks. (b) Is the collision best described as elastic, inelastic, or perfectly inelastic? Why? (c) Write the general equation for conservation of momentum in terms of m1, v1, m2, v2, and final velocity vf. (d) Solve the momentum equation for vf. (e) Substitute values, obtaining the numerical value for vf, their speed after the collision.

(a)

To determine
Sketch the skaters as blocks for before and after impact

Explanation

The following figure shows free body diagram for the skaters as blocks collide with each other...

(b)

To determine
The type of collision described best and reason for it.

(c)

To determine
The equation for conservation of momentum.

(d)

To determine
The momentum equation for vf

(e)

To determine
The velocity after the collision

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