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Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052
Chapter 11, Problem 13QP
Textbook Problem
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A frameshift mutation is caused by a:

  1. a. nucleotide substitution
  2. b. three-base insertion
  3. c. premature stop codon
  4. d. one-base insertion
  5. e. two-base deletion

Summary Introduction

To explain: The reasons behind frameshift mutation.

Introduction: Mutation is the change in the original nucleotide sequence of the DNA. During mutation, the nucleotide can be added, deleted or transformed. A frameshift mutation is a mutation which changes the sequence or frame of the entire gene.

Explanation of Solution

Reason for the correct answer:

Frameshift mutation can be due to the addition or deletion of one or more nucleotides in the gene.

Option b. is given as “three-base insertion.” Hence, it is the correct option.

Option d. is given as “one-base insertion.” Hence, it is the correct option.

Option e. is given as “two-base deletion.” Hence, it is the correct option.

Reasons for the incorrect answer:

Option a...

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