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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. From what two families of organic compounds are esters synthesized? Give a specific example of a reaction in which an ester is formed, and indicate how the name of the ester in your example is derived from the compounds used to synthesize it.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The two families of the organic compounds from which esters can be synthesized should be determined. The example of the reaction in which formation of ester takes place should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Esters are formed by the reaction of alcohols and carboxylic acids and give away water molecules. Always to form the water molecule, carboxylic acid provides its group while alcohol provides the -H bonded to O atom.

In general esterification reaction can be illustrated as follows:

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 20, Problem 79QAP

Usually carboxylic acids and esters referred to their common names. The name is denoted by the compounds, used to produce that ester. Name is formed by alkyl name of the alcohol followed by the acid name. But instead of -ic in the carboxylic acid, -ate is replaced in the ester.

Explanation

Esters are formed by the reaction of alcohols and carboxylic acids and give away water molecules. Always to form the water molecule, carboxylic acid provides its OH group while alcohol provides the H bonded to O atom.

In general esterification reaction can be illustrated as follows:

RCOOH(aq)+R`OH(aq) RCOOR`(aq)+H2O(aq)

In this example etherification reaction as follows:

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