BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Anhydrous ammonia is used directly as a fertilizer, but much of it is also converted to other fertilizers such as ammonium nitrate and urea.

  1. a. Write a balanced equation for the conversion of ammonia to ammonium nitrate.
  2. b. Urea is formed in the reaction of ammonia and CO2.

2 NH3(g) + CO2(g) ⇄ (NH2)2CO(s) + H2O(g)

Would high pressure favor urea production? Would high temperature? ΔfH° for solid urea = −333.1 kJ/mol-rxn). Explain your answers.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Balanced equation for the conversion of ammonia to ammonium nitrate has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Balanced reaction is a chemical reaction in which number of atoms for each element in the reaction and the total charge are same on both reactant side and the product side.

Steps in balancing the information

  • Step 1: Write the unbalanced equation
  • Step 2: Find the coeffienct to balance the equation.
  • The coeffienct should be reduced to the smallest whole number
Explanation

4NH3+7O24NO2+6H2O

4NO2+2H2O2HNO3+2HNO2

2HNO3

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: High pressure or high temperature favor for urea production has to be identified and explained.

Concept Introduction:

Enthalpy change for the reaction ΔrH0=ΣnΔfH0(products)-ΣnΔfH0(reactants)

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

The number of calories to cut from the diet to produce weight loss should be based on a the amount of weight th...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What are the products of the acid hydrolysis of the local anesthetic lidocaine?

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry