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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

A mixture of CO and Cl2 is placed in a reaction flask: [CO] = 0.0102 mol/L and [Cl2] = 0.00609 mol/L. When the reaction

CO(g) + Cl2(g) ⇄ COCl2(g)

has come to equilibrium at 600 K, [Cl2] = 0.00301 mol/L.

  1. (a) Calculate the concentrations of CO and COCl2 at equilibrium.
  2. (b) Calculate KC.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The concentration of COandCOCl2 in the given conditions has to be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • Equilibrium constant: At equilibrium the ratio of products to reactants has a constant value. And it is represented by the letter K. 

    For a general reaction, aA+bBcC+dD

    The equilibrium constant Kc=[C]c[D]d[A]a[B]b, where a, b, c and d are the stoichiometric coefficients of reactant and product in the reaction. Concentration value for solid substance is 1.

    If the value of Kc and the concentration of any of the reactant of a reaction is known then the concentration of product can be determined by multiplying Kc with the concentration of reactant.

  • Concentration =AmountofsubstanceVolume
Explanation

The balanced chemical equation for the given reaction is,

CO(g)+Cl2(g)COCl2(g)

Here in the beginning of the reaction [CO]and[Cl2] is 0.0102mol/L and 0.00609mol/L respectively.

At equilibrium the concentration of chlorine [Cl2] is 0

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The equilibrium constant Kc for the reaction has to be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • Equilibrium constant: At equilibrium the ratio of products to reactants has a constant value. And it is represented by the letter K. 

    For a general reaction, aA+bBcC+dD

    The equilibrium constant Kc=[C]c[D]d[A]a[B]b, where a, b, c and d are the stoichiometric coefficients of reactant and product in the reaction. Concentration value for solid substance is 1.

    If the value of Kc and the concentration of any of the reactant of a reaction is known then the concentration of product can be determined by multiplying Kc with the concentration of reactant.

  • Concentration =AmountofsubstanceVolume

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