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College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300

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College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300
Textbook Problem

The coefficient of static friction between the 3.00-kg crate and the 35.0° incline of Figure P4.31 is 0.300. What minimum force F must be applied to the crate perpendicular to the incline to prevent the crate from sliding down the incline?

images

Figure P4.31

To determine
The minimum force to be applied to the crate.

Explanation

Given info: The co-efficient of static friction ( μs ) is 0.300. The mass of the crate is 3.00 kg.

The free body diagram is given below.

From the above diagram,

N=F+mgcos35ο (I)

Fs=mgsin35ο (II)

  • m is the mass of the car.
  • g is the acceleration due to gravity.
  • a is the acceleration.
  • N is the normal force.
  • F is the force applied.

The condition for the minimum force to be applied is,

FsμsN

On re-arranging,

FsNμs

Divide equation (II) by equation (I).

FsN=mgsin35οF+mgcos35ο (III)

For the applied force to be minimum,

FsN=μs (IV)

Equate equations (III) and (IV) to get minimum force ( Fmin )

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