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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 5, Problem 3E
Textbook Problem
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Explain ionic bonding according to Lewis theory.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Ionic bonding is to be explained based on Lewis theory.

Concept Introduction:

According to Lewis theory, in chemical bonding, elements combine together in correct ratios through sharing or transfer of electrons, and all the atoms involved in it obtain an octet.

Lewis structure of an element is represented as dots surrounding the chemical symbol of the element. Dots represent the valence electrons.

Explanation of Solution

The bonding between a metal and a nonmetal through the transfer of electrons is called ionic bonding. In Lewis theory, Lewis structure of compounds are formed by combining the Lewis structures of elements. The dots are moved from the Lewis structure of metal to the Lewis structure of nonmetal. Due to this transfer of dots, the metal becomes a cation and the nonmetal becomes an anion.

The Lewis dot structure of NaCl is as follows:

[Na+

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 5 - Based on the Lewis structures for hydrogen and...Ch. 5 - In Chapter 3, we also learned that fluorine exists...Ch. 5 - Suppose that when drawing a Lewis structure for a...Ch. 5 - Carbon dioxide and water are both composed of a...Ch. 5 - Which one of the following bonds is polar? a. a...Ch. 5 - A nonpolar molecule has polar bonds. What must be...Ch. 5 - Why is salt, NaCl, relatively harmless even though...Ch. 5 - If sodium is dropped into water, a loud fizzing...Ch. 5 - Explain ionic bonding according to Lewis theory.Ch. 5 - Explain covalent bonding according to Lewis...Ch. 5 - Why is Lewis theory useful? Give some examples.Ch. 5 - Give the Bohr electron configuration and Lewis...Ch. 5 - Draw electron dot structures for the following...Ch. 5 - Explain VSEPR theory. According to this theory,...Ch. 5 - Why are the shapes of molecules important?Ch. 5 - Describe a polar covalent bond.Ch. 5 - In what ways is water unique? What about the water...Ch. 5 - What is the difference between a polar and a...Ch. 5 - Why do polar molecules have a greater tendency to...Ch. 5 - Explain, in molecular terms, why oil and water do...Ch. 5 - Lewis Structures for Atoms Draw Lewis structures...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Ionic Lewis Structures Draw a Lewis structure for...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Covalent Lewis Structures Draw a Lewis structure...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each molecular...Ch. 5 - General Lewis Structures Determine whether each...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each compound is ionic or...Ch. 5 - What is wrong with each Lewis structure? Fix the...Ch. 5 - What is wrong with each Lewis structure? Fix the...Ch. 5 - Predicting the Shapes of Molecules Use VSEPR...Ch. 5 - Use VSEPR theory to determine the geometry of the...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure and use VSEPR theory to...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure and use VSEPR theory to...Ch. 5 - CF2Cl2 is a chlorofluorocarbon implicated in ozone...Ch. 5 - Chlorofluorocarbons have been banned because they...Ch. 5 - Determining Molecular Polarity Determine whether...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each molecule is polar:...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each molecule is polar:...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each molecule is polar:...Ch. 5 - Explain why water would be a gas at room...Ch. 5 - What is the molecular reason behind the hexagonal...Ch. 5 - What would happen to the amount of UV light...Ch. 5 - One of the observations that led G. N. Lewis to...Ch. 5 - G. N. Lewis developed a model for chemical bonding...Ch. 5 - The opening quote of this chapter states that Man...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure of the H2 molecule. If you...Ch. 5 - Since the time of G. N. Lewis, other, more...Ch. 5 - The Lewis structures for CH4,N2,andCO2, along with...Ch. 5 - CH3COCH3 (acetone) is a common laboratory solvent...

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