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One of the observations that led G. N. Lewis to propose his theory was the chemical inertness of the noble gases. Suppose elements were different, such that observations demonstrated the halogens were chemically inert. How would Lewis theory change? Which elements would then be the most reactive?

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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 5, Problem 40E
Textbook Problem
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One of the observations that led G. N. Lewis to propose his theory was the chemical inertness of the noble gases. Suppose elements were different, such that observations demonstrated the halogens were chemically inert. How would Lewis theory change? Which elements would then be the most reactive?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The change in the Lewis theory is to be discussed, if the halogens were chemically inert. The elements that would be most reactive is to be found.

Concept Introduction:

According to Lewis theory, in chemical bonding, elements combine together in correct ratios through sharing or transfer of electrons and all the atoms involved in chemical bonding obtain a stable electronic configuration.

Lewis structure of an element is represented as dots surrounding the chemical symbol of the element. Dots represent the valence electrons present in the atom.

Explanation of Solution

According to Lewis theory, inert gas atoms are chemically not reactive. The valence electron configuration in these atoms is the stable electronic configuration. The elements without stable configurations tend to react with atoms of other elements. If the halogens were chemically inert, then their valence electronic configuration would be the stable configuration...

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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