CH 3 COCH 3 (acetone) is a common laboratory solvent that is often used in nail polish remover. Its Lewis structure and space-filling molecular image are shown here: Acetone is a polar molecule; the oxygen end has a slightly negative charge (oxygen is more electronegative), whereas the carbon and hydrogen end has a slightly positive charge. In liquid acetone, the molecules are attracted to each other via these polar ends-the positive end of one molecule is attracted to the negative end of its neighbor-and therefore align as shown here: Draw a Lewis structure and space-filling molecular image for CH 2 Cl 2 (dichloromethane), another common laboratory solvent. Is the molecule polar? Which end of the molecule has a slightly negative charge? Which end has a slightly positive charge? Draw several space-filling molecular images of CH 2 Cl 2 showing how they align in liquid dichloromethane.

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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
BuyFind

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

Solutions

Chapter 5, Problem 46E
Textbook Problem

CH 3 COCH 3 (acetone) is a common laboratory solvent that is often used in nail polish remover. Its Lewis structure and space-filling molecular image are shown here:

Chapter 5, Problem 46E, CH3COCH3 (acetone) is a common laboratory solvent that is often used in nail polish remover. Its , example  1

Acetone is a polar molecule; the oxygen end has a slightly negative charge (oxygen is more electronegative), whereas the carbon and hydrogen end has a slightly positive charge. In liquid acetone, the molecules are attracted to each other via these polar ends-the positive end of one molecule is attracted to the negative end of its neighbor-and therefore align as shown here:

Chapter 5, Problem 46E, CH3COCH3 (acetone) is a common laboratory solvent that is often used in nail polish remover. Its , example  2

Draw a Lewis structure and space-filling molecular image for CH 2 Cl 2 (dichloromethane), another common laboratory solvent. Is the molecule polar? Which end of the molecule has a slightly negative charge? Which end has a slightly positive charge? Draw several space-filling molecular images of CH 2 Cl 2 showing how they align in liquid dichloromethane.

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
Ch. 5 - Based on the Lewis structures for hydrogen and...Ch. 5 - In Chapter 3, we also learned that fluorine exists...Ch. 5 - Suppose that when drawing a Lewis structure for a...Ch. 5 - Carbon dioxide and water are both composed of a...Ch. 5 - Which one of the following bonds is polar? a. a...Ch. 5 - A nonpolar molecule has polar bonds. What must be...Ch. 5 - Why is salt, NaCl, relatively harmless even though...Ch. 5 - If sodium is dropped into water, a loud fizzing...Ch. 5 - Explain ionic bonding according to Lewis theory.Ch. 5 - Explain covalent bonding according to Lewis...Ch. 5 - Why is Lewis theory useful? Give some examples.Ch. 5 - Give the Bohr electron configuration and Lewis...Ch. 5 - Draw electron dot structures for the following...Ch. 5 - Explain VSEPR theory. According to this theory,...Ch. 5 - Why are the shapes of molecules important?Ch. 5 - Describe a polar covalent bond.Ch. 5 - In what ways is water unique? What about the water...Ch. 5 - What is the difference between a polar and a...Ch. 5 - Why do polar molecules have a greater tendency to...Ch. 5 - Explain, in molecular terms, why oil and water do...Ch. 5 - Lewis Structures for Atoms Draw Lewis structures...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Ionic Lewis Structures Draw a Lewis structure for...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Covalent Lewis Structures Draw a Lewis structure...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each molecular...Ch. 5 - General Lewis Structures Determine whether each...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each compound is ionic or...Ch. 5 - What is wrong with each Lewis structure? Fix the...Ch. 5 - What is wrong with each Lewis structure? Fix the...Ch. 5 - Predicting the Shapes of Molecules Use VSEPR...Ch. 5 - Use VSEPR theory to determine the geometry of the...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure and use VSEPR theory to...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure and use VSEPR theory to...Ch. 5 - CF2Cl2 is a chlorofluorocarbon implicated in ozone...Ch. 5 - Chlorofluorocarbons have been banned because they...Ch. 5 - Determining Molecular Polarity Determine whether...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each molecule is polar:...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each molecule is polar:...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each molecule is polar:...Ch. 5 - Explain why water would be a gas at room...Ch. 5 - What is the molecular reason behind the hexagonal...Ch. 5 - What would happen to the amount of UV light...Ch. 5 - One of the observations that led G. N. Lewis to...Ch. 5 - G. N. Lewis developed a model for chemical bonding...Ch. 5 - The opening quote of this chapter states that Man...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure of the H2 molecule. If you...Ch. 5 - Since the time of G. N. Lewis, other, more...Ch. 5 - The Lewis structures for CH4,N2,andCO2, along with...Ch. 5 - CH3COCH3 (acetone) is a common laboratory solvent...

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