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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Consider the processes

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  1. Which process is favored by energy spread? Explain.

i>Which process is favored by matter spread? Explain.

i>How does temperature affect which process is favored? Explain.

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

Considering the given processes, which process is favoured by energy spread should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Energy is the ability to do work or produce heat. The law of conservation of energy says that theenergy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be converted from one type to another. It is also called the first law of thermodynamics, according to which the energy of the universe is constant.

There are two driving forces in nature namely energy and matter spread. These driving forces are responsible for affecting the reaction to go to completion. Energy spread is the concentratedenergy which disperses widely. It is always for an exothermic reaction. Matter spread meansmolecules spread to occupy a large volume.

Explanation

Energy spread means faster random motions of the molecules in surroundings. In the secondprocess the liquid converts ...

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

Considering the given processes, which process is favored by matter spread should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Energy is the ability to do work or produce heat. The law of conservation of energy says that theenergy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be converted from one type to another. It is also called the first law of thermodynamics, according to which the energy of the universe is constant.

There are two driving forces in nature namely energy and matter spread. These driving forces are responsible for affecting the reaction to go to completion. Energy spread is the concentratedenergy which disperses widely. It is always for an exothermic reaction. Molecules spread meansmolecules spread to occupy a large volume.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

Considering the given processes, how does the temperature affect which process is favored should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Energy is the ability to do work or produce heat. The law of conservation of energy says that theenergy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be converted from one type to another. It is also called the first law of thermodynamics, according to which the energy of the universe is constant.

There are two driving forces in nature namely energy and matter spread. These driving forces are responsible for affecting the reaction to go to completion. Energy spread is the concentratedenergy which disperses widely. It is always for an exothermic reaction. Molecules spread meansmolecules spread to occupy a large volume.

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