BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

A halothane-oxygen mixture (C2HBrCIF3 + O2) can be used as an anesthetic. A tank containing such a mixture has the following partial pressures: P (halothane) = 170 mm Hg and P (O2) = 570 mm Hg.

  1. (a) What is the ratio of the number of moles of halothane to the number of moles of O2?
  2. (b) If the tank contains 160 g of O2, what mass of C2HBrCIF3 is present?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The ratio of number of moles of halothane vapour to oxygen gas and mass of C2HBrClF3 has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

  • Partial pressure: The pressure of each gas in a mixture of gases is the partial pressure.
  • Dalton’s law of partial pressure: The total pressure of gases in a mixture of gases is the sum of the pressure of each gas in the mixture
  • Mole fraction: Quantity which defines the number of moles of a substance in a mixture divided by the total number of moles of all substances present.

    xa=nantotal

  • pa=xa×Ptotal

    Partial pressure of a gas in the mixture of gases is the product of mole fraction of the gas and the total pressure.

Explanation

Given:

  p(halothane)=170mmHgp(O2)=570mmHg

Total pressure can be found out by taking the sum of these two partial pressures.

  Totalpressure=570mmHg+170mmHg=740mmHg

Now we can calculate the mole fraction by the equation

  pa=xa×Ptotalxa=paPtotal

  xhalothane=170mmHg740mmHg=0

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The ratio of number of moles of halothane vapour to oxygen gas and mass of C2HBrClF3 has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

  • Partial pressure: The pressure of each gas in a mixture of gases is the partial pressure.
  • Dalton’s law of partial pressure: The total pressure of gases in a mixture of gases is the sum of the pressure of each gas in the mixture
  • Mole fraction: Quantity which defines the number of moles of a substance in a mixture divided by the total number of moles of all substances present.

    xa=nantotal

  • pa=xa×Ptotal

    Partial pressure of a gas in the mixture of gases is the product of mole fraction of the gas and the total pressure.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 10 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Sect-10.6 P-10.11CYUSect-10.7 P-10.12CYUSect-10.8 P-1.1ACPSect-10.8 P-1.2ACPSect-10.8 P-2.1ACPSect-10.8 P-2.2ACPSect-10.8 P-2.3ACPSect-10.8 P-3.1ACPSect-10.8 P-3.2ACPCh-10 P-1PSCh-10 P-2PSCh-10 P-3PSCh-10 P-4PSCh-10 P-5PSCh-10 P-6PSCh-10 P-7PSCh-10 P-8PSCh-10 P-9PSCh-10 P-10PSCh-10 P-11PSCh-10 P-12PSCh-10 P-13PSCh-10 P-14PSCh-10 P-15PSCh-10 P-16PSCh-10 P-17PSCh-10 P-18PSCh-10 P-19PSCh-10 P-20PSCh-10 P-21PSCh-10 P-22PSCh-10 P-23PSCh-10 P-24PSCh-10 P-25PSCh-10 P-26PSCh-10 P-27PSCh-10 P-28PSCh-10 P-29PSCh-10 P-30PSCh-10 P-31PSCh-10 P-32PSCh-10 P-33PSCh-10 P-34PSCh-10 P-35PSCh-10 P-36PSCh-10 P-37PSCh-10 P-38PSCh-10 P-39PSCh-10 P-40PSCh-10 P-41PSCh-10 P-42PSCh-10 P-43PSCh-10 P-44PSCh-10 P-45PSCh-10 P-46PSCh-10 P-47PSCh-10 P-48PSCh-10 P-49PSCh-10 P-50PSCh-10 P-51PSCh-10 P-52PSCh-10 P-53PSCh-10 P-54PSCh-10 P-55PSCh-10 P-56PSCh-10 P-57GQCh-10 P-58GQCh-10 P-59GQCh-10 P-60GQCh-10 P-61GQCh-10 P-62GQCh-10 P-63GQCh-10 P-64GQCh-10 P-65GQCh-10 P-66GQCh-10 P-67GQCh-10 P-68GQCh-10 P-69GQCh-10 P-70GQCh-10 P-71GQCh-10 P-72GQCh-10 P-73GQCh-10 P-74GQCh-10 P-75GQCh-10 P-76GQCh-10 P-77GQCh-10 P-78GQCh-10 P-79GQCh-10 P-80GQCh-10 P-81GQCh-10 P-83GQCh-10 P-84GQCh-10 P-85GQCh-10 P-86GQCh-10 P-87GQCh-10 P-88GQCh-10 P-89GQCh-10 P-90GQCh-10 P-91GQCh-10 P-92GQCh-10 P-93GQCh-10 P-94GQCh-10 P-95ILCh-10 P-96ILCh-10 P-97ILCh-10 P-98ILCh-10 P-99ILCh-10 P-100ILCh-10 P-101ILCh-10 P-102ILCh-10 P-103ILCh-10 P-105ILCh-10 P-106ILCh-10 P-107SCQCh-10 P-108SCQCh-10 P-109SCQCh-10 P-110SCQCh-10 P-111SCQCh-10 P-112SCQCh-10 P-113SCQCh-10 P-114SCQCh-10 P-115SCQCh-10 P-116SCQ

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

The BMI standard is an excellent tool for evaluating obesity in athletes and the elderly. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What kind of antigen does a T cell recognize?

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

List three mechanisms for the control of enzyme activity.

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry