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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 3, Problem 31E
Textbook Problem
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Draw electron configurations for each of the following elements according to the Bohr model. Indicate which electrons are valence electrons.

a. Li

b. C

c. F

d. P

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configurations of the given elements are to be drawn and the valence electrons are to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

 As per Bohr’s model of an atom, electrons are arranged in orbits. Orbits are circular paths in which electrons revolve around the nucleus. There can be a maximum of two electrons in the first orbit; eight electrons in the second orbit and third orbits while eighteen in the fourth orbit.

 The arrangement of electrons in orbits is termed as the electronic configuration. Atoms in which the orbits are completely filled are the least chemically reactive while those in which orbits are incomplete are reactive.

 The electrons present in the outermost orbit in the electronic configuration are called valence electrons. The outermost orbit is termed as valence orbit.

Explanation of Solution

a) Li

Lithium contains 3 electrons. The electronic configuration of lithium is 2, 1. It has one electron in the last orbit. So, the number of valence electrons is one, as shown below. Therefore its configuration is as follows:

b) C

Carbon contains 6 electrons. The electronic configuration of carbon is 2, 4. It has four electrons in the last orbit. So, the number of valence electrons is four, as shown below. Therefore its configuration is as follows:

c) F

Fluorine contains 9 electrons

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Chemistry In Focus
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