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Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052
Chapter 17, Problem 5QP
Textbook Problem
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The Adaptive Immune Response Is a Specific Defense Against Infection

Compare the general inflammatory response, the complement system, and the specific immune response.

Summary Introduction

To determine: The comparison between general inflammatory response, the complement system, and the specific immune response.

Introduction: The primary function of the immune system is to protect the body from harmful foreign substances called antigens. The immune system has antibodies that bind with antigen and eliminate them from the body. Antibodies bind to a specific region on the antigen which is called epitopes.

Explanation of Solution

Comparison between general the inflammatory response, the complement system, and the specific immune response are as follows:

No.CharacteristicsGeneral inflammatory responseThe complement systemSpecific immune response
i.DefinitionThe inflammatory response is the non-specific immune response. It is activated during the first exposure to the antigen.The complement system detects specific molecules and structures on the surface of antigen and binds with themThe specific immune response involves recognition of specific pathogen and generates a specific immune response against it.
ii.ComponentsThe major components of inflammatory response involve macrophages, cytokines, and histamines that generated the inflammatory response.The complement system consists of 20-30 different type of complement proteins which are produced by the liverThe major components of the specific immune system involve B-cells and T-cells...

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