Chapter 14, Problem 77GQ

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Chapter
Section

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

The decomposition of nitrogen dioxide at a high temperatureNO2(g) → NO(g) + ½ O2(g)is second-order in this reactant. (a) Determine the rate constant for this reaction if it takes 1.76 min for the concentration of NO2 to fall from 0.250 mol/L to 0.100 mol/L (b) If the chemical equation is written as 2 NO2(g) → 2 NO(g) + O2(g) what is the value of the rate constant?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

For the given reaction, the rate constant has to be determine using the given values.

Concept introduction:

Rate law or rate equation: Rate law:

It is generally the rate equation that consists of the reaction rate with the concentration or the pressures of the reactants and constant parameters.

aA + bBxXRate of reaction = k [A]m[B]n

Order of a reaction:  The order of each reactant in a reaction is represented by the exponential term of the respective reactant present in the rate law and the overall order of the reaction is the sum of all the exponents of all reactants present in the chemical reaction. The order of the reaction is directly proportional to the concentration of the reactants.

Rate constant, k: The rate constant for a chemical reaction is the proportionality term in the chemical reaction rate law which gives the relationship between the rate and the concentration of the reactant present in the chemical reaction.

Explanation

Calculation for the rate constant of the given reaction is determined as below,

It is given that the given reaction is a second order and the rate equation is as follows,

â€‚Â 1[A]0=1[A]+kt

â€‚Â kt=1[A]âˆ’1[A]0k=[1t]1[A]âˆ’1[A]0=[11

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

For the given reaction, the rate constant has to be determine using the given values.

Concept introduction:

Rate law or rate equation: Rate law:

It is generally the rate equation that consists of the reaction rate with the concentration or the pressures of the reactants and constant parameters.

aA + bBxXRate of reaction = k [A]m[B]n

Order of a reaction:  The order of each reactant in a reaction is represented by the exponential term of the respective reactant present in the rate law and the overall order of the reaction is the sum of all the exponents of all reactants present in the chemical reaction. The order of the reaction is directly proportional to the concentration of the reactants.

Rate constant, k: The rate constant for a chemical reaction is the proportionality term in the chemical reaction rate law which gives the relationship between the rate and the concentration of the reactant present in the chemical reaction.

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