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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Define the bonding that exists in metals and how this model explains some of the unique physical properties of metals. What are metal alloys? Identify the two main types of alloys, and describe how their structures differ. Give several examples of each type of alloy.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The bonding that exist in metals and physical properties of metals using electron sea model is to be explained. The metal alloys are to be defined. The two main types of alloys and their structural differences are to be explained. The examples of each type of the alloys are to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

An alloy is a solid homogenous mixture of different metallic elements. The alloys are formed to have better properties than the original parent metals. Some better properties of alloys than the parent metals are corrosion resistance, good tensile strength, thermal conductivities etc.

Explanation

The metallic bonding is the electrostatic force of attraction between the positivity charged metal cation and freely moving electrons. This model is named as electron sea model. The electrons in a metal crystal are free to move, they can easily conduct electricity and heat. This is the reason for good conductivity of heat and electricity of metals. The metallic bonding is represented as,

Figure 1

The main two types of alloys are,

  1. Interstitial alloys.
  2. Substitution alloys.
  3. The interstitial alloys are formed when the atoms of additional element gets trapped in the interstitial sites of the metal crystal...

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