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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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hat does Avogadro’s law tell us about the relationship between the volume of a sample of gas and the number of molecules the gas contains? Why must the temperature and pressure be held constant for valid comparisons using Avogadro’s law? Does Avogadro’s law describe a direct or an inverse relations hip between the volume and the number of moles of gas?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The relationship between the volume of a sample of gas and the number of molecules the gas contains told by Avogadro’s law is to be stated. The reason as to why the temperature and pressure be held constant in Avogadro’s law is to be stated. Whether the Avogadro’s law describes a direct or an inverse relationship between the volume and number of moles of gas is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

Avogadro was the scientist who described the relationship between the number of moles of gas and the volume of a gas. An ideal gas equation is derived from the combination of Charles’s law, Boyle’s law and Avogadro law. Ideal gas law depends on the temperature, pressure, volume and moles of a gas.

Explanation

The expression for Avogadro’s law is shown below.

Vn(AtconstantPandT)

Where,

  • V is the volume of a gas.
  • n is the number of moles of a gas.
  • P is the pressure.
  • T is the temperature.

According to the law, volume is directly proportional to the number of molecules the gas contains

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